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AMS 207 (15)
Lecture 2

AMS 207 Lecture 2: AMS 207 Notes 2-9

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Miami University
American Studies
AMS 207
Busch Andrew

Immigration History Before 1924, immigration from Europe was almost unrestricted o Until 1882 (Chinese exclusion Act), Chinese immigration was largely ignored From 1650 to 1820, immigration is very slow and homogeneous o Mostly English and Scottish, some black slaves (earlier indentured servants) Small cities, communal outlooks o Many immigrants leave cities for farms 18401860 o Beginning of the First Wave of immigration o 4 million total immigrants arrive o Most Irish (potato famine) and German 18701920 o 26 million immigrants to the US o Coincides with industrialization and feeds urbanization o Melting Pot o Much more diverse Italians, Polish, Russians, Slavs, and Asians Push Factors o Agricultural depression and political uprising o European industrialization undercuts older forms of labor in Germany Pull Factors o Political and individual rights o US and State governments want more people o Industry needs more labor power o High geographic mobility and lots of land: both natives and immigrants move into western lands (Homestead Act, 1870) New York: The global in the local Cities are often where globalization becomes most obvious By 1855, 23s of New York is foreign born o Most poor and unskilled Niche industries and a race to the bottom. Effects of Industrialization Local specialization becomes geared towards national and international markets o Transport technologies open new markets o Flow of commodities increased rapidly, widespread changes in mode of production, leading to greater bifurcation between work and leisure Street Culture: Gangs, Boxing, and Drinking Oppositional culture for displaced artisans and new working class Middle class: sobriety, restraint, domesticity, work ethic Working class: Heavy drinking culture Arenas for demonstrating masculinity in a world where socioeconomic mobility is limited
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