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Lecture 5

3 Pages

Course Code
HST 202

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HST 202 Lecture Notes An American Conciousness Life in New England and the Mid-Atlantic Colonies 1/28/13 FRENCH INTEREST IN THE NEW WORLD:  Late to the Age of Discovery (Spain had already begun their Golden Age) o Opening came when Elizabeth I’s English Navy held off Phillip’s Spanish Armada and destroyed the Spanish sea power o Domestic troubles made exploration funds low  1541: Cartier explored what became New France in 1598  1608: Champlain established Quebec o Set up a trade alliance with Huron (Iroquois speakers) o Made money on natural resources (timber and fur) o Single men settlers, not families, so there were many intermarriages with natives o Peaceful relations with natives because they did not threaten their land or power and natives liked the French trading posts o Tended to be good at keeping Iroquois speaking allies  1614: Undesirables from Paris (priests and peasants) were sent to colonize New France DUTCH INTEREST IN THE NEW WORLD:  Became active and successful in the Atlantic Trade because they had maritime experience  1602: Founded Dutch East India Company o Protestant nation so they ignored what the Pope said about who owned what land (ignored Portuguese claims and used money from the East Indies to expand into the Caribbean)  1609: Henry Hudson sailed up the Hudson River searching for the Northwest Passage (what they thought was a water route to the Northwest Indies through North America) o Had rough Spanish maps but were unsure of the actual size/geography o Underestimated size of North America and did not find this water route to the Pacific  1621: Founded Dutch West India Company  1626: “Purchased” Manhattan Island for $20 o Natives thought they were establishing a trade relationship because they didn’t believe in ownership of land o New Amsterdam became the city with the largest Dutch population (eventually becomes New York when the English take it over) ENGLISH INTERESTS IN THE NEW WORLD: NEW ENGLAND:  Protestant nation due to Elizabeth I so they ignored what the Pope said about settlement rights o Worship was similar to Catholicism o Called Henry VIII’s church the Church of England so he could get a divorce and hopefully his new wife would bear a son  Ironically, his most successful heir was a girl (Elizabeth I) o Civil war over whether a person could directly read the Bible and talk to God or not  Puritans: Wanted to change a great deal of religious practices to shift the Church of England away from Catholicism and toward a more simple interpretation of the Word of God  King James created his own version of the Bible based on power because he wanted the monarchy to remain in control of religion and Puritanism threatened that  English people wanted freedom within their religion because it was a cultural practice to believe in God  1609: Some Puritans left England for the Netherlands  1614: Mayflower arrived but the common pilgrim story is only partially accurate  35 separatist Pilgrims (wanted to start a society ruled by religious law)  Most were simply Puritans escaping Charles I because he was Protestant but not Puritan  1616: John Smith claims and names New England  1620: Plymouth founded o More successful than Virginia settlers because…  They came in families, not as single me  They were experienced in agriculture and trade, not clueless  Their main goal was to start small family farms to grow subsistence crops and establish communities, not to find riches  1630: Puritans founded Salem and what became Boston  2 major dissenters from Puritans and autocratic rule: o Roger Williams:  Young minister  1629: Caused trouble by…  Preaching against the Puritans (Puritans wanted to practice their religion, but did not support freedom of other religions)  Said the king had no right to grant Englishmen land belonging to natives and questioned the Massachusetts Charter  Advocated for the separation of church and state
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