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PSY 101 (130)
Lecture

Personality.pdf

4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 101
Professor
Professor Hambrick

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Personality Chapter 13 Julia Haugh ▯ Personalityreferstoaperson’scharacteristicpatternof thinking,feelingandacting. Thepsychoanalyticperspective–exploringtheunconscious PersonalityStructure Theid’sconsciouspsychicenergystrivestosatisfybasicdrivestosurvive,reproduceandaggress. Theegoseekstogratifytheid’simpulsesinrealisticwaysthatwillbringlong-termpleasure. Thesuperegoforcestheegotoconsidernotonlytherealbutalsotheidea(focusesonhowweoughtto behave) According to Freud,personality forms through a series of psychosexual stages during which the id’s pleasureseekingenergiesfocusondistinctpleasure-sensitiveareasof thebodycallederogenous zones. Defensemechanism–theego’sprotectivemethodsof reducinganxietybyunconsciouslydistorting reality.Forexample,regression allowsustoretreattoanearlier,moreinfantilestageof development. ■ regression–leadsanindividualfacedwithanxietytoretreattoamoreinfantile psychosexualstage ■ repression–banishesanxiety–arousingthoughts,feelings,andmemoriesfrom consciousness. ■ Reactionformation–causestheegotounconsciouslyswitchunacceptableimpulsesinto theiropposites.Peoplemayexpressfeelingsof puritywhentheymaybesufferingfrom unconsciousfeelingsaboutsex. ■ Projection–leadspeopletodisguisetheirownthreateningimpulsesbyattributingthem toothers ■ Rationalization–offersself-justifyingexplanationsinplaceof thereal,morethreatening unconsciousreasonsforonesactions ■ Displacement–shiftssexualoraggressiveimpulsestowardamoreacceptableorless threateningobjectorperson,redirectingangertowardasaferoutlet Thepsychoanalyticperspective The neo-Freudians and psychodynamic theorists Personality Chapter 13 Julia Haugh AlfredAdler–believedinchildhoodtensions.Howeverthese
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