MU - Music MU 125 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Gregorian Chant, Shawm, Cantus Firmus

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6 Feb 2017
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MU-125 Music in Society
Lecture Notes: Week 3
Exam: February 2, 2017
Date: January 30, 20117
Assiget: hapter 9 / liste to As Vesta as Fro Latos Hill
Review Terms
o Catholic mass
o Gregorian chant
o Who 1st codified Gregorian chant?
o Dies Irae hat and requiem mass
o Early notation
Chapter 8: Times and Music
o Roa Epire – loosely ruled over central Europe
o Small communities
o Travel by foot or horse
o Universities founded
Medieval Sacred Polyphonic Music
o Polpho: arose i edieal period ith…
Organum (genre)
Notre Dame Cathedral (leonine + perotin composers)
Wrote new melodic lines on top of Gregorian chant
The change was slowed down and mimics a drone
the slow chant line was called cantus firmus
Medieval Secular Music
= music performed outside the church often had instruments and was more rhythmic
o Priar eaple: Estapie
Medieval dance in fast triple meter / melodic / instruments include drum / often
drone within song (p.74)
o Medieval motet: (three voices)
o hater – a troubadour poem example
o Aother eaple: Caria Buraa
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Paga poetr ritte  Bzatie Moks durig their off tie
The poetry text was set to music with instruments (video example)
Orchestra composer Karl Orf composed music for the choir and orchestra in the
20th century (featured in a lot of movies/iconic)
Early European Instruments
o Lute (guitar like/double strings)
o Shawm (horn)
o Viols (predecessor of modern strings)(include bows)
o Recorders
o Harps
Date: January 31, 2017
Assignment: review chapter 8 / chapter 9 Renaissance
Terms from Monday:
o Organum (Gregorian chant with an extra line)
o Estamplie
o Shawm
o Viols
o Lute (double string like mandolin)
o Carmina Burana (pagan poetry written by monks) fro Ealiur
Chapter 9: Renaissance
o 1450-1600
o reirth
o Optimism
o Humanism
o Philosophy (hedonism/naturalism)
o Greek and Christian culture influence
o Interest in the fine arts (Michelangelo and Leonardo da vinci)
o Rise in economy
Renaissance musical characteristics
o Emphasis on vocal music in four parts (soprano, alto, tenor, bass)
o Imitative polyphonic music
o “ared still a appella hoir sigig o istruets/uaopaied
o Examples: p.79 an imitative Kyrie from a mass / p.81 a motet (restrained imitative choral
work for church service)
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