COMM 1101 Lecture 9: Chapter 5

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Communication Studies
COMM 1101
Thomas K.Nakayama

Chapter 5: Verbal Communication Words people choose, meanings convey, accents The Importance of Verbal Communication Develop a sense of self through communication, important in relationshipidentity Labels influence selfconcept and self esteem Language speak is tied to their identities Perceptions, behaviors and personalities change when change language o Speaking language evokes culture What is Verbal Communication? Functions and Components of Language Verbal communicationoral or written words o Creative and expressive Functions of Language Instrumental o Use of language to obtain what you need or desire Regulatory o Use of language to control or regulate the behaviors of others Informative o Use of language to communicate information or report facts Heuristic o Use of language to acquire knowledge and understanding Interactional o Use of language to establish and define social relationships Personal language o Use of language to express individuality and personality Imaginative o Use of language to express oneself artistically or creatively Components of Language Language made up of 4 components: phonology (sounds), syntax (structure or rules), semantics (meaning), and pragmatics (use) Grammar o The structural rules that govern the generation of meaning in a language Phonology: sounds o The study of the sounds that compose individual languages and how those sounds communicate meaning o Vowels, consonants, diphthongs (th) Syntax: rules o The rules that govern word order o Words of various categories are combined into clauses which go to sentences Semantics: meaning o The study of meaning o Word choices help to create meaningneed a shared meaning o Words have similar meaning, but some fit better
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