PS 242 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Fluid Dynamics, Libido, Toilet Training

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7 Feb 2017
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PS272: Abnormal Psychology
The Psychoanalytical Model
Freud—Psychodynamic (1930’s-40’s)
Personality Development
Psychotherapy (psycho-analytic)
Personality develops into stages
Early childhood experiences shape our personalities
Basic Nature of People
Little animals
Irrational
No morals
Want instant gratification
Selfish
Seek attention
People are hedonisticseek pleasure
Not realistic: especially at young ages
Teach children basic life skills (sharing)
Have to shape morals and values
I.dwanting something immediately
Need to socialize child to break them out of this behavior
Socialization is the only way to live in a civil society
Development of a healthy society
Five Stages of Personality
Fluid motion from stage to stage
Libido: fuel or energy that moves us through the stages
A need for satisfaction
How the libido gets satisfied depends on the stage
Two Levels of Freud
1. The literal level: what something objectively seems
like
Example: eatingseeing someone eating
2. The symbolic/psychological level: emotional
nurturance
Example: eating has no connection to hunger
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