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Lecture 7

37:575:202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Jim Crow Laws, Ethnic Conflict, Nativism (Politics)

Labor Studies and Employment Relations
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Strike, Wave, Repression, “Normalcy”: 1918 – 1929
- Women’s Suffrage 1920 -
- Split into two; some progressive and some radical (Picketers)
- Still didn’t have the right to vote everywhere; some states gave them the right
- 19th Amendment: Women gain the right to vote
- Forced due to the strikes, protests by women
- Massive strike wave - Seattle, steel, Boston police
- Largest strike wave in American history
- Nationwide steel strike (no steel unions around)
- General Strikes: All workers go on strike no matter what industry (Seattle)
- Boston policemen went on strike (Boston)
- Fear/anticipation of world revolution 1917
- Russian Revolution (Bolsheviks)
- Working-class takes over Russia
- People fear that the working-class could do that in US (some like it)
- Fear of the toppling of Capitalism
- Repression
- Ku Klux Klan revival
- First came around post-Reconstruction (enforcers of Jim Crow laws)
- Old Klan specifically targeted blacks
- “New Klan” targeted immigrants, Jews, blacks, etc.
- Nativism
- Native-born Americans are good; immigrant Americans are lesser
- Immigration restrictions 1921, 1924
Johnson Reed Act Each country can only have a certain number of immigrants to US
each year
- That number set on the proportion of that country’s population here to U.S. pop
Japanese and Chinese Exclusion Act
- Prohibition 1919 - 18th Amendment
- Many immigrants drank; opposed to prohibition
- Race riots 1919
- Were getting worse over time
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