HIST 2 Lecture 3: HIST 2 - Early 16th Century (Notes)

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7 Feb 2017
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A.S.
HIS 2
Early 16th Century
The Reformation (internal)*
- protestant reformation
- Catholic - counter reformation
European Expansion (external)*
- Asia
- America
*GOING BACK TO THE REFORMATION*
Martin Luther vs Pope Leo
- Martin Luther was a German monk
- against the Catholic church’s corruption
Salvation (indulgences vs faith)
- Indulgence: purgatory (spot before heaven or hell)
- charge money to people
- money “secures” a spot for them in heaven
- saves souls
- forgiveness of sins
- you can buy indulgences for dead relatives
- Luther thought that indulgences were nonsense
- the bible never mentions indulgences
- faith
- you can only be saved by faith, not indulgences
- “priesthood of all believers”
95 Theses*
- posted on Wittenberg Cathedral (1517)
- posted because Luther wanted reform
- DID NOT want revolution
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