PSY 349 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lung Cancer, Autoimmune Disease

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Rationale for Course in Health Psychology
Major Causes of Death
Adaptation to Disease
Why Woe’s Health?
Health Care Seeking
Health Behaviors
Puts us at risk for diseases
50% of American population is overweight or obese
Lack of exercise
Most important change is to increase physical activity
Influence and are influenced by health and illness
Power
Can contribute to increase in AIDS and HIV
Financial dependency
Diseases that Disproportionately Affect Women
Heart disease is the #1 killer of women
Lung cancer results in the most deaths of all cancers in women
Autoimmune disorders are more common in women than in men
o Lupus: 5-10 times more common in women
o Rheumatoid arthritis: 2-3 times more common in women
o MS: 1.5 more common in women
o Strike in midlife most often
Greatest rise in HIV and AIDS is in women
Women seek help later in the progression of heart disease than men; women are more
sick when they get to the doctor
Impact of health behaviors are different between men and women
o Alcohol is more intoxicating for women than men
o Lung cancer is more prevalent in women when smoking the same amount as
men
Health Care Providers
More likely to disiss oe’s syptos as psyhologial
o More likely to be prescribed an antidepressant instead if what men would get
o Men are more often referred for cardiac procedures
o Men are more likely to be recommended screening test
Men and women are often diagnosed differently
o Women trauma patients were dying at blood clots at a higher rate than men
o Women 50% less likely to get anti-clotting drugs
Implicit bias
Reproductive Health
Menstruation; pregnancy; child baring; menopause
Myth: post partum depression is not more likely to occur than in any other time in life
Myth: PMS (emotional cycles) does not necessarily occur with our menstrual cycles
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