Class Notes (836,136)
United States (324,358)
LIN 201 (27)
Ikier (25)
Lecture

Language Acquistion 4

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Department
Linguistics
Course
LIN 201
Professor
Ikier
Semester
Fall

Description
-Claim: during acq., competence > performance -Sucking experiments -Head-turn experiments -Child oblivious to performance diff. from adults -Performance is easy to see, competence is not -Experiments show competence -Phonetics vs. phonology -Phonetics = study of phys. properties of speech sound -Phonology = component of mental grammar dealing w/ sound -Prelinguistic stage -No apparent ling. sounds/gestures -Performance lags behind competence -Not "blank slate" -- born primed to acq. lang. -Sucking experiments -Newborns can't do much -Mechanically measure sucking -Special pacifier measures air pressure changes -Take baseline measure, then play short speech sound -More interested => more sucking -Infants respond to novelty -- any speech sound from any lang. -Ready to acq. any lang. they're exposed to -Lose sounds that aren't used in their lang. -Babbling -Syllables, w/ CV shape -Dadadadada, mamamamama, gugugugu -Phonotactics = how sounds are combined into sequences -All lang. constrain possible syllable types -In English: words don't start w/ [ts], [ps], [zl] -Ba
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