History of the World of Creativity

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Educational Psychology
EPSY 430

Keith Owen 9/5/2013 EPSY 430 History of the World of Creativity Creativity Is:  A construct. o An abstract characteristic that cannot be observed. o 1. A way to define using other terms. o 2. A way to measure.  Subjective. o What some find creative, others do not. Creativity: The Four P’s  Person o Traits you look for.  Process o Step by step formula. o Sequences necessary. o What has to be done for creativity to occur.  Product o What is done uniquely.  Press o Environment, context of creativity.  Persuasion (Fifth P) o Simonton (1988) o Funding and influence. Creativity: Theoretical Approaches  Mystical Approaches o No idea where creativity comes from. o “Divine inspiration.”  Psychodynamic Approaches o Defined by the individual, the conscious awareness. o Operated on an unconscious level.  Pragmatic Approaches o Concerned with developing, building and cultivating creativity. o Not built on theory. o End result more important than the theoretical basis.  Psychometric Approaches o Measuring of a mental variable. o Quantifying creativity. o Coming up with ways to test creativity. (ATM)  Humanistic Approaches o Societal factors of creativity. o Boost or inhibit.  Cognitive Approaches o Mental processes and interpretations. o Biological basis. o Stage Theories  Outline the steps and sequences one must go through to be creative. o Componential Theories  List characteristics.  No steps, but provide what is necessary. Creativity: Mystical Origins  “Devine inspiration” o Creativity Chamber  Plato  Someone who influenced an artist was considered a muse.  The muse enters the Creativity Chamber, influences the individual. o Bicameral Mind  Jaynes, 1976  Thoughts come in, creativity comes out. Creativity: Early Pioneers  William Duff (1767) o Investigated difference between genius/talent.  Genius: The root of creative potential grounded in the creative process.  Talent: Ability to be productive, but not novel. o Creativity has biophysical nature (hereditary).  Ability to inherit creative traits.  People are no longer chosen.  Sir Francis Galton (1879) o First scientific laboratories for measuring individual differences on specific abilities.  Responding to environmental stimulus.  Able to provide scoring.  Expected for someone intelligent to score high, wasn’t the case. o Pioneered scientific research on the nature of genius (biographical in nature). o Genetics and Genius o Two
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