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HIST 106 Lecture March 26.docx

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HIST 106

th March 26 , 2013  New Deal Coalition cont. (new deal democratic coalition) The New Deal has a long term impacts in certain areas: immigrants got jobs, impact most of our lives- Kermit Love, born in 1916 designed costumes for theatre. What does this have to do with us? The guy who played big bird, Love helped create that sesame street character. Norman Bowlowe- died in 09. Went to A&M o Farmers Your basic federal crop reduction programs (I think?). Something like the subtresury program becomes part of the agricultural program of new deal. Southern farmers already were largely democratic, upper Midwestern progressive republicans also come aboard on the new deal o Labor The feeling that the president was aware of the problems of the average American worker is one big part of the appeal of the new deal (their bosses are SOB). But not just sympathetic- there were things to even it out. At long last, you had the right of collective bargaining recognized by the federal government. It was included in the original new deal recovery plan (over turned by SC in 1935) and you have new legislation- Wagner Act (Al Smiths buddy Wagner- he set up national relations board to make sure collective bargaining happen- gets upheld by SC 1936- Walsh Heavly act- 40hr work week, no child labor, and minimum wage 1938 federal .. standards act- applies to all industries producing goods in interstate commerce. Banned child labor, set minimum wage and maximum hours for ANY industry Social Security Act 1935 (Robert wagner is one of the leading/chief sponsor of this) Pays its first benefits in 1939. How radical is social security? Sounds a little like socialism. Is it socialism (redistribution of wealth)? Flat rate? What determines the benefits you get from SS? Your retirement age (you get more if you wait later on to retire) also how much you paid in, in other words what your wage level was in last 5 years. It is proportional to your earnings. There is some reistributional aspect of t (like if your parent die early you get SS). That is a fairly conservative aspect on SS. DO you pay social security on all your wage? No, it is caped at $111,000 annually. SS takes higher percentage of income from poorer people than richer people. Another conservative aspect of SS that has sense then become remedied- who all was left out of SS? The chief beneficiaries were job categories in which immigrants worked- industrial worker (Wagner was an immigrant). Left our farmers, farm laborers, domestics, migratory laborers-about minorities left in cold. Union membership grows dramatically as result of the new deal AFL split from CIOU. There is an organizing efforts in sit down industry. o Blacks What is in it for blacks? Shift in black voting was not 1932 but not until 1936 (when new deal proved itself to blacks). 65% voting Roosevelt. What did democrats have to offer? In terms of personal, more people In Roosevelt administration sympathetic to blacks- more than any administration before democratic or republican (Wilson was from south, he re-segregated) Dramatic stances taken by first lady Does this represent something substances or merely symbolic? What does ND do that helps black Americans that would explain this political shift? What evidence is mostly symbolic? New deal did little to buck local customs in the south. The CCC for example had segregated untis. Did have blacks, but segregated. TBA built company housing at some construction sights and these weren’t immigrated, they were for whites. Federal housing authority did maintence building open for blacks and whites but mostly segregated. Housing built for blacks was in black areas so they were still segregated Originaly new deal recovery program, the NRA by propping up wages often caused blacks to lose jobs FDR wouldn’t stick his neck out on issues- like poll tax for example (which denied blacks the right to vote) Why is he so timid about this, what does he have to worry about? He has huge margin in public vote, of 70% of house seats and 60% of senate seats. What happens in an off year election? Turn out is lower, the party that tends to gain power is the party that is out of power. 1934 is an exception to this, the party actually gained seats and Roosevelt is reelected by higher margin in 36 thatn he was in 32. Democratic strength in house and senate continues to climb. So why is he so cautouis about civil rights with this kind of support? Because of the southern democrats. You got a one party system here, so one way incumbent gets removed by office is by death. Southern democrats are more influential than their mere numbers (they like economic benefits for whites but don’t want to see benefits for blacks. Why SS doesn’t contain
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