Why do people help?
People are more likely to help, if the person they are helping cannot help
The victim or helper is not anonymous. Increasing the identity.
Identify them as heroic.
No ambiguity that you have the power to help someone when the situation
When the person has the means and capability to help someone.
Empathy. More likely to help if you are empathetic.
“I can’t live with myself if I don’t help.”
The Role of Psychology
Describe what happens.
o Behavioral data
Explain what happens.
o Put forward a theory, in scientific terms.
o Theory is generalizable.
o A good theory is one that can be proven wrong.
We put them out there to find the actual truth.
Predict what will happen.
o Figure out what leads to what is happens. Control what will happen.
o Prevention and intervention
History of Psychology
Was not a science till about 100 years ago.
The evolution of modern psychology.
o Historical Foundations
o Current Perspectives
Ways of seeing things.
What do psychologists do?
Where did psychology come from?
“Psychology has a long history but a short past.” (H. Ebbinghaus, 1908)
o We have been thinking about physiological issues for quite some time, but only a
real thing for a short period.
Memory is like a wax tablet. (Socrates, 3400 B.C.)
o He took the latest technology and created a theory.
o We create theories over our current (latest) technology.
o Impressions last differently.
Some people are sponges.
Memory: luminescent stone. (Hooke)
o How memory of the brain works.
Information comes in, process, reflect it back.
Philosophers were coming up with physiological theories. “Nature vs. nurture” debate
Kantnativist vs. Lockeempiricist (blank tablet)
o Locke believed humans to be predisposed.
o Intelligence and personality have both a genetic and environmental factor.
Most everything does.
Wilhelm Wundt (18321920)
o Born in Germany to a Lutheran pastor.
o Studied sensation and perception using introspection.
o Has training in the eye and ear, but is interested in higher level issues.
o Begins creating labs to study sensations with human experimentation.
In essence, becomes a psychology lab.
o Uses technique introspection.
o 1875 1 psychology school in Germany.
o Founder of psychology as a discipline.
o Wrote, “Principles of Physiological Psychology.”
More of a focus on the physiological side.
William James (18421910)
o Born in NYC to a wealthy businessman.
o Henry James was his brother.
o During his time in college, he begins writing about psyc