Class Notes (835,312)
United States (324,088)
Sociology (131)
SOCI 230 (16)
Lecture 11

SOCI 230 Lecture 11: SOCI 230 Weber
Premium

4 Pages
40 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOCI 230
Professor
Prechel Harland
Semester
Spring

Description
SOCI 230 Max Weber (1864-1920) I. Introduction: Comparative and Historical Sociology  Historical and comparative methods o Compare countries o Compare different time periods within a country  In traditional societies, social organization was based on tradition, age-old customs, norms, values and beliefs  In contrast, social organization in modernity is increasingly characterized by application of science, calculation and formal rules that rule all spheres of social life  EX: Norway is happiest country in the world o Beautiful country o National health care o Both parents get full paid year off when child is born o ** these are universal interests II. Central Question  What is relationship between an individual and society?  What are the effects of transition to modernity on individual? o Individual-society/structure  Core feature of study of social structure: pattern of individual behavior  Believed we can only predict social action by probability  Method and theory intertwined III. Comparative and Historical Methods  Weber developed Ideal Types: capture most dominant features of phenomena (empirical) ** o Abstractions, part of theory, more complex than a concept o Purpose is to explain the empirical world o Bureaucracy  ideal types • Hierarchy • Rules • Etc.  Democracy refers to management of organizations  Ideal types allows you to make shortcuts to knowledge  Verstehen: understanding meaning of social action, understanding of motivation always involves relating particular conduct of individual to broader social structure o Social structures affect social action  Argued that most stable form of social relationships are these in which subjective attitudes (values) of individuals are directed towards belief in legitimate order IV. Rationalization  Historical process: society becomes increasingly categorized by dimensions to establish rules and regulations  In western societies (compared to traditional), rationalization is characterized as: o Depersonalization of social relations  based on material items, people make different assumptions about a man in a suit compared to a man in torn up jeans and t-shirt o Refinement of techniques of calculation  need to know how much money we have based on what we can buy with it. For example, what kind of apartment or car we want and can get, etc. o Enhancement of social importance of specialized knowledge  compared to general knowledge in traditional society is increasingly economically dependent on one another o Extension of technically rational control over both natural and social processes • Natural: oil produced into plastic • Social: rules when driving on roads in which a violation is punishable • More rules governing behavior V. Rationalization and Multicausality  Weber’s social theory emphasizes multicausality= sociological phenomena explained by multiple causes  ……. VI. Protestant Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism  Why did modern capitalism emerge where it did? ** ultimate question  Capitalism (mercantile, trade) developed in southern Europe  However, Weber observed that advanced rational capital advanced quickly in northern Europe o Noticed that northern Europe is puritan, and southern Europe is catholic  Proposition: modern capitalism is related to emergence of ascetic Protestantism  Elective affinity: o Rational sphere (formal calculation) o Irrational sphere (values)  Protestant ethic and spirit of capitalism are characterized by unique combination of: o Devotion to earning of wealth through legitimate economic activity
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 230

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit