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Lecture 2

THAR 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Double Entendre, Peking Opera, Marvel Tales


Department
Theatre Arts
Course Code
THAR 201
Professor
Evleen Nasir
Lecture
2

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BEIJING/CHINESE/PEKING OPERA
CHINESE VARIETY
Ming Dynasty
o Reached its peak
Qing Dynasty
o Performance we call opera began to settle in and become very popular
Vernacular
o Majority of opera done in in the common language
Regional
CHINESE OPERA
Music as necessity
o All theater can be considered opera
Huaja
o Non-musical theater just recently entered Chinese theater, adopting western practices
EARLY CHINNESE PERFORMANCE
Clowning
Horn butting
o Two wrestlers enter an arena with helmets with horns on them and rammed the
opponent and throw them to the ground
o Dates back to 2500 BC, when the Yellow Emperor tried to defeat his opponents
Shaman Spirit Communication
o Communicate with the spirits of the afterlife through music and dance
TANG DYNASTY PERFORMANCE
Bianwen
o Solo performance, with Buddhist performance
o Mix of spoken dialogue and song
o Story telling performance
The Marvel Tales
o Dramatic performances
o The Strange Stories from a Chinese Stories
o 500 stories
o Written by one guy, Piu Longsen?
o Serve to criticize current society
o Four themes
o Characters that were animals, foxes and turtles
o Complained about the feudal system
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o Officers were corrupt and accepted bribes
o Examination system, bribes
o Women and pure love they have for students
o Immoral behavior around him
The Pear Orchard
o Training facility for performers (acrobats, theater, etc.)
BEIJING OPERA ROLE TYPES
Sheng
o Male, performed by men
Dan
o Female roles
Jing
o Painted face roles
Chou
o Clown role
Study for years to learn how to perform these roles, they study for one type of rolse
MAJOR SHENG ROLES
Lausheng
o Elderly men, high ranking administrators, princes, emperors, men to be respected
Wusheng
o War heroes, outlaws, and brothers sworn to uphold the family honor
Xiosheng
o Young men, scholars, delicate men often in love with maidens
MAJOR DAN ROLES
Qingyi
o Women of virtue, upstanding character, loyal to the family
o Light pink makeup
Huadan
o Maid servant character
o Usually charming, mischievous, and flirt with young men
Wudan
o Skilled in fighting and horseback riding and has acrobatic skills
Laodan
o Matriarchal figures
o Older women, sometimes physically ill or infirm, always very powerful and strong
women
JING AND CHOU
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