Compare and contrast theories of emotions
SchachterSinger twofactor theory
Distinguish between discrete and dimensional perspectives on emotion
What is emotion?
“emotions arise when an individual attends to a situation and sees it as relevant to his or her
goals …[they] are multifaceted, wholebody phenomena that involve looselycoupled changes in the
domains of subjective experience behavior , and central and peripheral physiology ”
Intensity of response spikes but then recovers quickly (emotions are relatively short lived – seconds or
Core Six (and extra 2)
Some believe these emotions are universal
They are recognized crossculturally
Most are universally represented in words across different languages
Rules for displaying emotion change across cultures
How well do people identify emotions?
Test identifying categorizing emotion based on pictures
People recognize happiness much better than other emotions
Did race influence performance?
Ingroup advantage: we are better at recognizing facial expressions of emotion in people from our own
This effect is smaller for people with greater crosscultural exposure
Suggests familiarity may be one reason
Expressive Behavior Functions
Serve as signals to others