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Lecture 2

PSC 321 Lecture 2: Religous Groups by Size


Department
Political Science
Course Code
PSC 321
Professor
Hawley
Lecture
2

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Olivia Pahl
PSC321 Hawley
8-26-19
Overview
Continue lecture on the demography of religion in the United States
Discuss how social scientists classify American religions
Discuss the major religious denominations in the United States
Demography of Religiosity
Older Americans are much more religious than younger generations
o Growth of secularism is most pronounced among the young
Historical trends show that it is more common for younger populations to not
be as religious, however, it is a new phenomenon for younger people to self-
identify themselves as religious
Racial differences in religiosity exist between groups
o African Americans are the most religious group in the country
State that they are religious and participate more than any other group
78% identified as Christian and are more likely to attend than non-
Hispanic whites
Tend to be the most liberal, even though they are the most religious group
o Hispanic population follow close behind
77% identified as Christian and are more likely to attend than non-Hispanic
Whites
Immigration has helped increase rates of religiosity overall in the United States,
especially in the Catholic demographic
Little evidence that this is a long-term solution because mostly first-
generation immigrants remain highly active in their religion
o Non-Hispanic whites
74% identified as Christian
o Asian Americans are the least religious racial group
Educational differences in religiosity exist between groups
o 72% of those who haven’t gone to college self-identify as being religious
o 64% of those who have gotten a college degree self-identify as being religious
Those who remain religiously active after college will be more involved than
those who didn’t graduate with a college degree
Could be due to socioeconomic factors
Classifications of American Religions by Social Scientists
It is difficult to split up Christianity into groups to create models because there are so many
different sects
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