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Lecture

4 The Successor Kingdoms.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 111
Professor
Janna Bianchini
Semester
Spring

Description
The Successor Kingdoms 2/6/12 Kingdoms set up by Barbarian tribes called the Successor Kingdoms - Successors to roman empire and its culture Barbarian vs Roman Culture - Religion: Roman and Catholic Xtian being inc seen as same thing o Barbarians were either pagans (polytheist) or Arian Christians o Conflict btwn Barbarians and Roman subjects - Law: Romans had codified law (coherent, scholarly, legal system) o Barbarian’s law codes weren’t written down and were based in custom, passed down orally among generations - Kinship: Romans fought about descent and kinship only through the fraternal line (family defined by who father was) o Barbarians thought of kinship in terms of both father and mother (+blood relatives)  So had more kinship and family were more numerous b/c more people were counted  Call on more people as more people included in their kin o Women had significant more influence/ social status b/c of exclusive inclusion - Marriage Practice: Roman custom was to be married to only one woman at a time (but were allowed to keep concubines) o Polygyny- barbarian custom, practice of men taking multiple wives  Then added roman custom of keeping concubines - Inheritance Practice: o Partible inheritance- Barbarian- to divide the estate among all the children (more or less equally)  Marriages+ concubines means lesser share so much conflict among siblings (assassinations w/in families) - Authority o Barbarian authority based on personal power- if was a successful war leader and very charismatic, then people wanted to follow him  Expected to reward followers for their loyalty • From personal wealth/income (based in resources- land) • Other alternative- reward them from war loot  Loyalty of warband was to a single man, so when he dies his coalition of followers disintegrated  Power structures are temporary and constantly changing Ethnogenesis- creation of a people (defining themselves) - Barbarian tribes developed a new concept of who they were and how they differed from other groups - Major element that went into this practice was Xtianity Merovingians- a dynasty, Kings of the Franks - Ethnically they were Franks (Germanic tribe) - Franks give rise to modern French and modern Germans King Clovis I (r. 482- 511)- established Frankish power in Gaul and brought Merovingian dynasty to real prominence - Relied on Barbarian & Roman heritage a. Clovis’ father was head of tribe, killed his brothers and male kin to ensure his position b. Frankish kingship is elected, so achieved success as a war leader (expansionist of kingdom) i. Starts in N Gaul and extended his dominion south and west
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