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Lecture 9

LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Vocal Tract

Course Code
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse

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Ling240 Lecture 9: Phonetics vs. Phonology
So far we’ve covered how language develops in children. But now let’s explore the process of
making sounds.
What’s the difference between phonetics and phonology?
Phonetics-Study of the physical properties of speech sounds
Phonology-Study of the mental representation of speech sounds
Branches of phonetics
Articulatory-How sounds are produced in the vocal tract
Acoustic-Physical properties of sounds
Auditory-The sound we perceive
The Phonetic Alphabet: The problem
1 sound for multiple sounds
1 symbol for multiple sounds
“Silent” letters or symbols
What are the sounds in “cat”?
Cat backwards is not tack
We can divide words into distinct words
● tap=2
● thought=3
● box=4
● hopping=5
How do we get around this problem?
Phonetic alphabet- one symbol, one word
Speech sound has a distinct symbol
Class linguistically applicable
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