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Class Notes for Linguistics at University of Maryland

LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Phoneme, Mental Representation, Front Vowel
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Ling240-Lecture 8:Phonemes and Allophones, Rules [t^h] [t] Allophones of /t/ /t/ ...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture 7: Matrix of Features (New)
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Ling240-Lecture 7: Matrix of Features The Matrix of Features ● Combination of features translates into a set of commands to the speech muscles ● Humans need precise timing ...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Voiceless Palato-Alveolar Affricate, Voiced Palato-Alveolar Sibilant, Velar Nasal
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Ling240-Lecture 6: Production of Speech Sounds Speech Production ● Air Supply-Lungs ● Sound Source-Larynx ● Filters -Pharynx -Oral Cavity -Nasal Cavity ...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture 5: The IPA (New)
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Ling240-Lecture 5: The IPA IPA Symbols ● [p]-Pop ● [b]-Bob ● [t]-Top ● [d]-Dad ● [k]Cake ● [g]-Gag ● [f]=Fife ● [v]-Vowel ● [h]-Hello ● [m]-Mom ● [n]-Nine ● [ŋ]-Hopping ...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Linguistic Prescription, Universal Grammar, Vocal Tract
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Ling240 Lecture 4: Argument for Innate knowledge and Phonology ● Descriptivit’s Perspective-Revise the original generalization ● Grammar is universal grammar, mental grammar, descriptive grammar and prescriptiv...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Scientific Method, Universal Grammar
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Ling240-Lecture 2:Different types of Grammar Recursion ● Ability of a pattern/rule to re-apply an infinite number of times ● Property of human language ● Ability to ...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Transformational Grammar, Human Nature, Sarcasm
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LING240-Lecture 1: Overview and Mental Grammar Dr. Peggy Antonisse- Senior lecturer Anton Marcov-TA What is Linguistics? Linguistics is the study of human language as a cognitive scie...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Vocal Tract
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Ling240 Lecture 9: Phonetics vs. Phonology So far we’ve covered how language develops in children. But now let’s explore the process of making sounds. What’s the difference between phonetics and phonolog...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Linguistic Prescription, Universal Grammar
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Ling240 Lecture 8: Argument for Innate knowledge ● Descriptivit’s Perspective-Revise the original generalization ● Grammar is universal grammar, mental grammar, descriptive grammar and prescriptive gram...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Universal Grammar
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Ling240 Lecture 7: Universal Grammar What is common among these sentences? ● Loons that are swimming fly ● Loons are swimming ● Loons that swim are flying ● Wrong: Are Loons that ...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Pronoun, Nominative Case, Accusative Case
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Ling240 Lecture 6:Discriptivism ● Describes patterns that exist in the data ● Design rules to encode patterns ● Test rules ● Don’t try to correct grammar Grammatic...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Colorless Green Ideas Sleep Furiously, Linguistic Prescription
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Ling240 Lecture 5: Grammatical or Not? What is grammatical? ● Something that a native speaker would naturally say (because it follows from their mental grammar) ● We’l...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Universal Grammar
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Ling240 Lecture 4: Possessives What are possessives? ● A word or grammatical structure used to indicate a relationship of possession ● Ex: Pocketbook belonging to the girl ...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Colorless Green Ideas Sleep Furiously, Noam Chomsky
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Ling240 Lecture 3:Scientific Method What do we mean by Speaker Competence? ● Knowledge vs performance ● Speech errors ● Speakers’ judgements about grammatical and ungrammatical form...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Sarcasm
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LING240-Lecture 2: Argument for Mental Grammar Why do we propose we have a mental grammar? ● We don’t really speak with pauses ● Nouns are not the most important parts of a sentence ...

Linguistics
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse
Understanding the Short Story - Reference Guides

Award Winning Professors Series 2Understanding The Short Story3Understanding The Short Story Understanding The Short StoryUnderstanding The Short Story TM permacharts THE EVOLUTION OF THE SHORT STORY (cont.)STEPS TO ANALYS...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Twelfth Night - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Twelfth Night StructureJust the Facts AIN PLOTARALLEL PLOTSILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MPW Act IIntroduction Main characters and actions are introduced The Duke, Olivia,The Romantic Plot involves Orsino, Olivia, and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Romeo & Juliet - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Romeo Juliet StructureBackgroundJust the Facts AIN PLOTIMEILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MTW Act I Introduction Warring feud between Capulets and Montagues Born 1564; died 1616 Play occurs over a period of 5 days in mi...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Composition - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Composition English Composition 2nd EDITION THE SENTENCE Sentencesform the basis for written language and composition A sentence is a group of words that forms a complete thought It is easier to expr...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Grammar - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Grammar English Grammar 2nd EDITION PARTS OF SPEECHSENTENCE TYPES A sentenceis a group of words that can stand DJECTIVESONJUNCTIONS AC on its own as a completed thought; it begins Describe nouns and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Verbs - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Verbs English Verbs 2nd EDITION PRESENT TENSEPHRASAL VERBS A phrasal verbis a two part verb IMPLE PRESENT S consisting of a verb and a particle Expresses daily habits or usual Expresses general factu...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English as a Second Language - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English as a Second Language English as a Second Language 2nd EDITION BASIC SENTENCE REQUIREMENTSSUBJECTVERB AGREEMENT All sentences must begin with a capital letter A verb must agree with its subject in per...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors

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