POL 150C1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Autarky, German Nationalism, World View
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POL 150- Politics of Happiness - Lecture 13: German Nationalism Day 3
Test on Monday, November 3rd
● Nationalism, history, society and the state:
○ How do the nation and the state fit together?
○ Logic of the political system (state & government)?
○ Impact of domestic and international conditions?
■ War or peace
■ Economic prosperity or challenge
■ Social-cultural conditions
○ Logic of the leadership?
● Tyranny & the Nazi German case; critical questions:
○ How did totalitarian Nazi regime come to power & then maintain power?
○ What was the weltanschauung of the Nazi regime?
● Selected Consequences:
○ Atomization of society; central state involved in “high politics” & “low politics”
○ Re-socialization of the population
○ Set of interlocking centralized hierarchies
● How could Hitler come to power?
○ President Hindenburg appointed him
■ (i.e. attempt to manipulate Hitler)
○ Hitler’s maneuverings (no single base; various independent bases).
○ Nazi Party (s. 1919)
○ Popular support
○ Context of political anomie, frustration, and escapism
● Securing popular legitimacy:
○ Growing public support (% voting for Nazis & number of Reichstag seats for
Nazis; total deputies = 585 seats)
■ 88.7% turnout — the people voted Hitler
○ “Nazi suffering” and legitimacy:
■ Nazi poster, 1932 Reichstag election
○ Nazi Maneuverings:
■ In March-April 1932 presidential election, Hitler secures 37% of vote
versus Hindenburg (and becomes logical candidate to be chancellor)
■ Hitler is appointed Chancellor Jan. 30, 1933
● Führerprinzip (Fuehrer Principle)
○ Articulated by Hitler as early as July 1921
■ Key components; the leader as an authority: the leader and the country
○ Foundations of political authority (according to Hitler):