SOC 271 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Social Control, Victims Family, Social Disorganization TheoryPremium
3 pages103 viewsFall 2018
SchoolUniversity of Washington
Course CodeSOC 271
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SOC271 Lecture 21 - Systems of Social Control
December 6, 2018
● Classic approach: Attempting to make pain of punishment (cost) higher than level of
pleasure (profit/benefit) of commiting crime
● Restorative justice: make-up losses to victim of crime.
● Zimbabwean justice systems:
■ Classic justice system
■ Example: someone stole a car. Person who commited crime goes to jail.
Person who lost car… does not have a car still.
■ Restorative justice system.
■ “Make the victim whole again”
● Example: If thief steals a cow, thief’s family must give victim’s
family a cow back
■ In small-village environment where everyone knows each-other
■ Murder does not happen!
● Foreign notion to small villages
● People dependent on each-other
● South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commision
○ There was a time when the white minority ruled black majority
■ Intermarriage illegal
○ Nelson Mandela: became first president of liberated South Africa
■ Everyone expected revenge-massacre of whites after liberation
■ Started the ‘truth and reconciliation commision’
● If told the truth of your crimes, and asked for forgiveness, was
forgiven for crimes
● Because main resource to families was knowledge of what
happened to their relatives
○ Victim/offender conferences
■ Offender must talk about their crime
■ Panel of victims then speaks about effect of crime on them
■ The main hope is for rehabilitation/healing of all parties
Formal Social Control
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