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Lecture 21

SOC 271 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Social Control, Victims Family, Social Disorganization TheoryPremium

3 pages87 viewsFall 2018

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 271
Professor
Robert Crutchfield
Lecture
21

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SOC271 Lecture 21 - Systems of Social Control
December 6, 2018
Justice Systems
Classic approach: Attempting to make pain of punishment (cost) higher than level of
pleasure (profit/benefit) of commiting crime
Restorative justice: make-up losses to victim of crime.
Zimbabwean justice systems:
Western
Classic justice system
Example: someone stole a car. Person who commited crime goes to jail.
Person who lost car… does not have a car still.
Tribal
Restorative justice system.
“Make the victim whole again”
Example: If thief steals a cow, thief’s family must give victim’s
family a cow back
In small-village environment where everyone knows each-other
Murder does not happen!
Foreign notion to small villages
People dependent on each-other
South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commision
There was a time when the white minority ruled black majority
Intermarriage illegal
Nelson Mandela: became first president of liberated South Africa
Everyone expected revenge-massacre of whites after liberation
Started the ‘truth and reconciliation commision’
If told the truth of your crimes, and asked for forgiveness, was
forgiven for crimes
Because main resource to families was knowledge of what
happened to their relatives
America
Restitution
Victim/offender conferences
Offender must talk about their crime
Panel of victims then speaks about effect of crime on them
The main hope is for rehabilitation/healing of all parties
Formal Social Control
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