GE CLST 20B Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Eastern Hemisphere, Henry Kissinger, Orderly Departure Program

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Asian Immigrants and Refugees
The 1965 Hart-Cellar Immigration Act
Marketing the act:
Fundamentally un-radical (just a little "tweak")
Would bolster European immigration
Would bolster the "right" kind of immigration
from the Third World (in the context of the
Cold War)
Provisions
Abolished national-origins quotas
Provided for annual admission of 170,000
immigrants from the Eastern Hemisphere and
120,000 from the Western Hemisphere
Eastern Hemisphere admitees came on a first-
come basis based on preference categories:
adult family members, professionals, artists,
needed skilled and unskilled labor, refugees
Unanticipated consequences
Economic prosperity in Europe —nothing
pushing Europeans out of Europe
Vestiges of Empire: the Philippines, South
Korea, India
Immigration + Labor
The "hourglass" labor mark and bifurcated
migration
The 3 D's: dirty, dangerous, difficult
Economic upward and downward mobility
Easy to fall down the hourglass, difficult to
climb up
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