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Lecture 1

PSYCH 10 Lecture 1: PSYCH 10 – lecture 1

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PSYCH 10 Lecture 1
Basic Research
Applied Research
o Clinical mental illness
o Educational-Educational techniques, diagnosis
o Forensic- criminal and legal matters
At UCLA, clinical Psychologist are largely involved in research, not practice
Sub areas- overlap in their interest, spawning new ideas
Understand the types of questions psychologist ask and how they attempt to answer
their question
How do we understand and represent mathematical and numerical concepts
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Hindsight bias
o Belief that an outcome was foreseeable (after it has occurred)
o “knew it all along” effect
o Of course the Lakers were going to win that game!
o Of course____ was going to win the election!
Expert Blind Spot
o Once you know the answer to something, its impossible to remember what it felt
like to not know
WREAT water
Then try to unscramble OCHSA
THE “Barum “Effect
o Highly favorable and general statements to describe someone’s personality
vague enough to apply to a large range of people
Perceiving order in random events
Trying to find order/patterns in random events
o Hot hand- “on a roll”, “hot streak”
o Gambler’s Fallacy
o “bound to come up eventually”, “its due”
Many obvious findings are not so obvious
o We can’t always trust ourselves to be good observers of behavior
How have people approached questions about the mind and behavior throughout
o How does your mind (your internal life/thought) how does it relate to the
o Mind and body are fundamentally two separate things

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o Conscious mind is different from the physical brain (concreate vs. abstract)
o Hobbes and many others: Mind is what the brain does (Materialism)
o Nature vs. Nurture
How much of our knowledge is innate?
Plato argued for some innate knowledge
How much is learned from experience?
that knowledge is gained from experience
The first Psych lab was created by WILHELM WUNDT in 1879
o Interested in studying consciousness- subjective experience
o One method: Reaction time studies
o Press a button as soon as the tone sounds V.S Press a button after you perceived
the tone
The second one took fraction of a second later trying to figure out a
certain level of awareness
Associated with structuralism
o Goal: to discover the minds structure by breaking down experiences into their
underlying components
o Used the method of introspection
Participants observe and report their own mental states and processes
What are the potential problems with introspection?
How do you do 2+2?
o Focus on the purpose of behavior and actions based on the environments ( study
the purpose of behaviors and mental processes by examining them in terms of
adaptation to the environment)
Did not try to break down experiences
o Studied thoughts, feelings
o Predominant school of thought in American psychology from 1920s and 1960s
o Redefined psychology as the scientific study of observable behavior
Rejected introspection
Not interested in thoughts of subjects
Cognitive Revolution
o Back lash to the idea of behaviorism- focused on the need to explore people are
perceiving and processing information
Laws of behaviorism cannot explain functions like learning and language
Understanding- LOOK THOUGH NOTES
Shepherd Ivory Franz ( hall)
How do modern psychologist approach their research?
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