CFD 3250 Lecture 4: Planning for Instruction

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University of Central Missouri
Child and Family Development
CFD 3250
Victoria Voland

Planning for Instruction • Directors have the added responsibility to be the instructional leaders of their programs o Ensuring the program is Developmentally Appropriate o Culturally appropriate o Addresses appropriate learning standards o Committed to equity and social justice • DAP – Developmentally Appropriate Practices o Single most influential document guiding instruction in high quality programing Developmentally Appropriate Practices • DAP is not a curriculum; it is a framework or prescription that provides guidance for instruction. 3 Core Considerations Of DAP • Knowledge of Child Development and Learning • Knowing what is individually appropriate • Knowing what is culturally appropriate Knowledge of Child Development & Learning • Know how children learn and grow • Resources/Publications o NAEYC – National Association for Education of Young Children - website and publications o NIEER – National Institute for Early Education Research – websites and publications o Zero to Three – cutting age research in brain research. • Knowing Each Child as an Individual (as teachers) o Appreciate that each child has unique interests, strengths and needs o Knowing your children through ongoing observations, anecdotal records o Plan for child-initiated and adult-guided activities o Limited amounts of focused direct instruction Considering Children with Developmental Delays or Disabilities • In 1975 US Congress passed the Education for All Handicapped Children Act - - it provided states with to educate children with disabilities or delays • Law was reauthorized in 2004 with a new name Individuals with Disabilities Educational Act (or IDEA) – ensuring these children would be included in high quality programs • LRE – least restrictive environment – this means that the children are being served with able-bodied, typically developing children whenever possible. • IDEA Part C: provides services to children birth to 3 years of age • IDEA Part B: is designed to meet the needs of families ages 3 to 21 • Child Find – are free state screenings • Parents as Teachers also completes developmental screening o If child qualifies then a plan is developed: ▪ IFSP – Individual Family Services Plan is for children birth to 3 years of age ▪ IEP – Individual Education Plan is for children 3 to 21 years of age • Fully inclusive classrooms – young children with special needs are fully integrated into classrooms with their typically developing children • Partial inclusion – children with special needs are included in general education se
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