Anthro2 Lecture #11 Notes: Sex, Gender, and Rituals

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 2
Professor
Jeffrey Hoelle
Semester
Winter

Description
Sex and Gender • Sex: biological • Gender: social/cultural characteristic assumed to be linked to a man or woman • Gender ideology: the totality of ideas that a society has about sex, gender, and the natures of men and women, including their sexuality, and the relations between the genders. • Enculturation into gender roles begins early • Friedl’s article on gender inequality has some fundamental issues ◦ Control of resources: men hunt, women do less ▪ This is an interplay of biology and culture ◦ When there is large game and scarcity, men are more powerful and women have low status. Also, males acquire status by controlling the distribution of scarce resources ◦ Gender relations are more egalitarian when there is smaller game and other sources of food. ▪ This applies to our society…. ▪ Men as CEO control the distribution by controlling pay rates for men and women Ritual
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