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Lecture

Sociology 1 Discussion Section notes.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 1
Professor
Rios

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Section 1 4/9/2012 7:49:00 AM  Sociological imagination – biography intersects with history  Structure and agency  Structure – the system  Agency – your individual freedom/lack of freedom within the system o Examples: o Structure  criminalization  PO’s and police treated teens in the streets as criminals even if they weren’t doing illegal activities o Agency  fighting against structure  Dr. Rios getting his Ph.D. from Berkeley o movie clip examples  men and women drinking (M masculine, F not being able to drink as much; different in multiple cultures)  masculinity and drinking  athletes don’t necessarily drink as much because it makes you more of a competitor (different kind of masculinity; maturity) o sports and gender  Americans most beloved sport = football  No women in football unless she’s a cheerleader  Girl allowed on HS football team, but never played a single game  Validation: golden rule  man can’t hit a woman; guy lays out a girl = terrible, guy lays out other guy = good hit Section 3 4/9/2012 7:49:00 AM  Marx vs. Weber  Marx o Macro  Structure  Big picture o Individual repressed by structure and society o Government places people in classes due to capitalism o Conflict theory  Conflict between classes leads to social change o Historical materialism  You can discover a society’s education, government, etc. by looking at its economy o Super structure  Economy = structure  Cultural ideals = super structure  Cultural ideals comes from the economy/structure (historical materialism)  If you understand structure, you can decipher the super structure o “Kindergarten as Academic Boot Camp”  once you’re in kindergarten, you’re automatically forced into a structure  meant to teach you how to act  ex: “The educational system, like other secondary institutions, serves the society which is created by the operation of the economy, the political system, and the military establishment.”  Kids not individualized = Marxist theory of individuals being repressed  “The most important benefit that your five-year-old will receive from kindergarten is the opportunity to live and grow happily and purposefully with others in a small society.”  Capitalism = people automatically pushed to top and bottom  Teacher = top  Students = bottom  Authority/obedience in a society  Weber o Micro o Interactions o Founded interpretive sociology  Social construction of reality  Seeing patterns in society  Gestures  Rituals  Face work  Symbolism/meaning o Economy and culture  Culture leads to economy o Protestant ethic  Calvinism  The wealthier you are, the more likely you are to be “saved”  Further developed capitalism/served as a driving force in America o Presentations (Weber and Female Car Sales)  Weber  more concerned with micro and individually studying people  People interact = create structures  Men interacted in sales, created cliques that shaped the car sales industry  alienated women because there was already a structure they didn’t fit into  Led to forming own groups  Ex: innocent, ladies, tough guys, reformers, etc.  Women had to turn into something predictable = forming into the different typographies listed above  Cultural ideas shaped structure of car sales  Men = more knowledgeable on cars  made women work harder and take on the typographies  Symbols  Gender = symbol  we have certain expectations for gender because of how we were socially raised  Over time, men transitioning into tough guy mentality  turned into personality; women as “tough guy” were taking role to hide other identity in pursuit of economic success  Sales world = would do anything/say anything to make a sale  Rationalization  People are socialized to follow efficiency… not emotions  Females socialized to have “motherly instinct” so they don’t want to screw over their customers  over tim
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