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Lecture 3

MMW 11 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Lascaux, Pastoralism, Animal Husbandry

Making of the Modern World
Course Code
MMW 11
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Homo sapiens
Early humans were happiest (few wants, easily obtained resources)
Food to eat, place to sleep, people around, etc.
Very few possessions (no real sense of possession in the groups),
worked much less, no material wants (as none really existed)
Food could be gathered very efficiently and the rest of the time was spent
enjoying themselves/resting
Men and women valued equally
Big issues of interpretation: can not determine well how something was
viewed based on sculptures/statues/drawings
Ex: Whether several statues of women were made because they
were powerful/priestesses/Mother-goddesses or just viewed for
sexual reasons
This is why language (mainly written) is so important
Early humans embellished on their stories in their drawings
Drawings of big game, people with large
breasts/buttocks/genitalia, abstract symbols are unclear
They originally went into caves for protection from animals but as they
went deeper and deeper, they began decorating
Music and language beginning to be created
Allowed for verbal communication
Beginning of an immense development, which also caused the
distinction between regional groups (different language systems)
At the beginning, due to the abundant regions in which humans lived,
there was no need for agriculture (hunting/gathering covered everything)
Southwest Asia, East Asia, Mesoamerica, East America, and a couple
other places were beginnings of agriculture
Used to create a surplus of food so more people could survive
Also allowed for the ability for different specializations and roles so people
could progress
Nomadic pastoralism was done first and some groups took the idea to
settle down and grow food with the animals in one permanent location
Mesopotamia: Domesticated animals and settled down near fertile land
Other groups were nomadic and left behind those who were not
necessary/could not keep up (old people, babies, sick people, etc.)
Another reason why people began settling down was to bury dead,
survive with those who could not keep up in nomadic lifestyle, etc.
Key Terms
Paleolithic - Old Stone Age
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