Class 4 2/10/2014
"Liberalism" in IR:
1. Classical Liberalism
Classical liberalists like Locke and Kant
Differences between classical realism and neo realism are relevant here
*(Ikenberry) (Anne Marie Slaughter)
Ikenberry's Hidden Grand Strategy ofAmerican F Policy
2. Liberal Internationalism
3. (Neoliberalism)Economic Means
4. Neoliberal Institutionalism
Core value of liberalism: freedom. unit of analysis: the individual.
3 big differences going from classical to neoliberalism:
1. Classical: human nature; inherently good or evil.
Neoliberalism: structures are more important; looks at states in the international
2. Classical: what foreign policy leaders ought to do; making normative claims.
Neoliberalism: take "ought" out of it and look at the "is"
3. Classical: making generalizable claims. Trying to find relationships between
different variables that actually have consequences
Realists: world is least conflictual when there is a balance of power (anarchy)
Concert of Europe- talks about balance of power issues
Even in the ararchic world can't we recognize that states share interests? such as
avoiding a global financial meltodwn and avoiding nuclear war
How can we recognize these shared interests and move toward cooperative behavior?
Natural Law:The state of nature has a law of nature and everyone is underneath this
There is a state of nature and we will talk about anarchy but in fact there are common
Adam Smith: people have a natural propensity to barter, exchange
Emmanual Kant: govt structures matter; beginning of argument to say that think of
pol liberalism, capitalism, and also notion of democracy creating accountability
Negative Liberties: guarantees that protect the government from infringing on your
Positive Liberties: guarantees that the govt has to provide for you Third strand of Liberalism: participatory freedom-you should have a voice in the
Liberals focus on absolute gains rather than relative gains- if we all gain then it doesnt
matter who has a bigger slice of the pie.
(For realists the top priority is security)
Liberals focus on the ways that we can create shared identity by focusing on
Liberals dont want to see the distinction btw high politics (diplomacy) and low
politics (commerce) so distinctly made
Liberals have more faith in laws and institutions. Liberals have faith in
interdependence. Example: if stateAa