C C 303 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Oenomaus, Peloponnese, Epinikion

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2-3-17 Myth, Civilization, and Identity
Names to Remember
Zeus and Typhos (Typhoios, Typhon)
Europa
Cadmus and Phoenicians
Delphic Oracle
Serpent of Ares
Harmonia(Concord)
Spartoi (Sown men)
Thebes
Greek Alphabet
Brought to Thebes by Cadmus from the Phoenicians
Pelops
Tantalos
Hippodameia and Oenamaus (Oinamaos)
Concepts to Remember:
Legitimization
Foreign vs. autochthonous origins
‘Autos’ = self, ‘chthon’ = earth
Indigenous to the land
Ancestors (in human or animal forms) come from the soil; meaning we are part of
this place, we ‘own’ it
Defines their identity
‘First Finder’ / ‘Power of Paternity’/Culture Bringer
People identified themselves with power figures who “establishes” the rule of
their people, ascribes noble characteristics to those figures and associates it with
themselves
An image that represents their people
Ex. george washington never tells a lie, therefore we are also noble and don’t tell
lies
Discovery made by founder, who is a member of this group of people, therefore it
belongs to this group of people
Civilization vs. Wild
Animals represent ‘wild’ and uncivilized
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Overcoming that signifies civilization, and that is superior to the uncivilized,
therefore we deserve to ‘be/own’ this land
Bringing order to a ‘wild place’, allowed to conquer it
Fate/Divine interventions
As a means of justification for being here/taking over land
Claims that their conquer/ownership of this land is fated/god’s will
Ex. idea of manifest destiny
Continuity of Culture
Colony broken off from mother land, still maintains its culture
Ex. German person raised in america, says they’re german
Identity (significance) associated with culture
Stereotypes associated with culture
Appropriation
Epinicia (Victory Odes) and Pythian/Olympian Games, Pindar, Pythian Ode I, Pindar
Olympian Ode I, Hieron of Sicily, Aetna (Aitna), Olympic Games, Peloponnese
Reinvention
Adaptations to give new meanings
Short Answer
1. Myths of Cadmus and Thebes serve what purposes?
Autochthonous
Spartoi (sown men) came from the soil
Justification for being in Thebes; ancestors are spartans who are warlike
Overcoming Animalistic Forces
Cadmus defeats the serpent “wild” in Thebes and brought civilization
Conquered that serpent, deserves to own this land
Fate and Divine Intervention
Descendants are somewhat divine because they came from teeth of serpent/ or
from cadmus and Harmonia
Fated, thebes was fated to be built
Athena helps this civilization to be built, therefore it was God’s will
2. How is Zeus’ defeat of Typhon (Typhoios) symbolically similar to Cadmus’
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