Class Notes (976,489)
US (383,880)
UVA (2,276)
HISA (21)
HISA 3003 (17)
Lecture 19

HISA 3003 Lecture 19: Post-Colonial India

5 Pages
78 Views
Spring 2016

Department
History-South Asian History
Course Code
HISA 3003
Professor
Nabaparna Ghosh
Lecture
19

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Tuesday, April 19, 2016
Post-Colonial India
HISA 3003!
-Main Debates
I. Can the postcolonial nation in India bring together all citizens as one community?!
II. What is the meaning of development in postcolonial India? !
-Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 - 1964)
Favored by Mahatma Gandhi!
Studied in Cambridge abroad as a lawyer !
Supported Gandhi for the Quit India movement – strong relationships with Gandhi!
-Almost like Gandhi’s Son!
Favored over Jinah as the first PM of India!
Although he was close to Gandhi, many idealogical dierences in how to construct the
nation going forward!
-Gandhi: villages = heart of India!
Always spoke that India was an agrarian country where development of villages was
necessary !
-Nehru: Villages were hubs of backwardness !
Focus should be on cities !
Urbanization !
Faith in technology !
Numerous colleges embedded in science and technology!
Also propagated many agrarian reforms by:!
-Attacking the rural elites by attacking the amount of land they could help!
-Diversified crop production by importing seeds from abroad (Green Revolution) !
-Nehru’s Government
Foreign Policy = Non-allignment
1
Tuesday, April 19, 2016
-Hence, more friendly towards Russia than USA !
However, he still had no wish to align himself with any of the nations involved in Cold
War!
At home, Democratic socialist –!leading to “License Raj”
-Democratic Socialist?!
Encourages practice of democracy in the political sphere while propagating socialism
in the economic sphere !
Centralization of property ownership!
-Allowed some forms of property and cooperative ownership!
-He believed, however, that people should hold permits, licenses to people who
wanted to hold property –$Resulted in period of “License Raj”!
Rule of licenses!
Private investors who wanted to open new businesses or expand – they had to
receive these permits from Government !
-Lots of bureaucracy = Dicult and cumbersome to get a license !
Refuses to liberalize economy
-He believed in developing the internal economy and Indian businesses before ever
opening up to international/foreign investment !
-Wanted to promote Indian industry !
-The Vamp, 1950 onwards
The purpose of having this character “The Vamp” as a foreign-named, Indian, seductive,
smoking, drinking woman = to show citizens the negative externalities of foreign
involvement !
Having foreign involvement –$would corrupt Indian society, economy, social sphere !
-Chandigarh, 1962
Nehru created this city, with the help of French architects, so no trace of tradition would
be visible in this city !
2

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Tuesday, April 19, 2016 PostColonial India HISA 3003 Main Debates I. Can the postcolonial nation in India bring together all citizens as one community? II.What is the meaning of development in postcolonial India? Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 1964) Favored by Mahatma Gandhi Studied in Cambridge abroad as a lawyer Supported Gandhi for the Quit India movement strong relationships with Gandhi Almost like Gandhis Son Favored over Jinah as the rst PM of India Although he was close to Gandhi, many idealogical dierences in how to construct the nation going forward Gandhi: villages = heart of India Always spoke that India was an agrarian country where development of villages was necessary Nehru: Villages were hubs of backwardness Focus should be on cities Urbanization Faith in technology Numerous colleges embedded in science and technology Also propagated many agrarian reforms by: Attacking the rural elites by attacking the amount of land they could help Diversied crop production by importing seeds from abroad (Green Revolution) Nehrus Government Foreign Policy = Nonallignment 1
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

You've reached the limit of 4 previews this month

Create an account for unlimited previews.

Already have an account?

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit