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WLIT 017 (16)
Lecture 6

WLIT 017 Lecture 6: The Second Generation
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3 Pages
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Department
World Literature
Course Code
WLIT 017
Professor
Schreckenberger

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The Second Generation Tuesday, April 18, 201712:18 PM 1/31 The Second Generation "The secondgeneration is the most meaningful aspectof our work…" Do the emotional scars ofthe parents affect the mental health of their children? • Evidenceshows that children of survivors canbe deeply affected by the horrific experiences of their parents • Parents' suffering may have affected their upbringing, personal relationships and perspectiveon life • Can be negatively or positively Psychologicalvulnerability • Emotionally distant parents • Tendency to be overly involved in children's lives ○ Overlysensitiveand anxious about their children's behavior ○ Forcing children to fulfill certain roles, be high achievers • Tendency to be overprotective ○ C Result • Children takeon distrustof the external environment - experience difficulties to trust ppl outside their family, to become autonomous • Difficulties w/ separation • Higher frequency of anxiety and guilt • Children haveintense need to act as protectors of their parents Secondary traumatization • Some survivors did not speak of their experiences to their children - hidden mystery- contributed toculture ofrepression ○ Still, the kids know something bad happened • Other survivorstalkeda lot about their experiences - too soon, too much, too often • Secondary trauma can occur Results • Depression • Anxiety • Symptoms associatedw/ PTSD ○ Nightmares, intrusive memories, emotional numbing, etc. Intergenerational transmissionof trauma • Other eventswhere intergenerational trans of trauma is important • Depression • Anxiety • Symptoms associatedw/ PTSD ○ Nightmares, intrusive memories, emotional numbing, etc. Intergenerational transmissionof trauma • Other eventswhere intergenerational trans of trauma is important explanatory vehicle: American slavery, South African apartheid, Rwanda genocide, etc. • Familial in nature: children growing up w. relatives whohave direct experience with the holocaust might present symptoms • Has led to look at children of survivors as passively subjectto their parents pathologies • Warning: therapists treated second and third gen clients as members of a "damaged group" and allowed them to contribute all their problems to the holocaust Resilience • Resilience that allowed parents to survivecan be transmitted to children: • Adaptability • Initiative • Tenacity • Strong family values Conclusion • There is not one character type typical of the second gen • There are certain themes that are common ○ Guilt ○ Problems w/ identity ○ None of the children escaped the
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