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KINE 1P93 Study Guide - Final Guide: Galen, Chariot Racing, Ludi Romani

Physical Education and Kinesiology
Course Code
Nancy R Francis
Study Guide

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Movement Study Notes
Movement Intro
Coakley Chapter 3, pp. 50-77 Sports and socialization
Axiology- Some of your values
Epistemology- what do we believe is knowledge and how we gain knowledge (ask questions,
find answers, experience (practice))
Ontology- Our beliefs about what should be
Socio- Social
Economic- Finance
Socioeconomic- relating to or concerned with the interaction of social and economic factors
Socioeconomic condition will affect your health
Why might my sport reflect certain socio-economic determinants? (golf, wealthy, basketball, not
so wealthy)
Where Are We Today in Canada?
Corlett, J. & Mandigo, J. (2012). A day in the life: Teaching physical literacy
Challenges created by inactivity:
Numerous health conditions can be ameliorated (reduced) through physical activity eg.
Diabetes, smoking, unsafe sex, cholesterol, high blood pressure, overweight/ underweight.
United Nations Millennium Goals:
1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
2. Achieve universal primary education
3. Gender equality and empowerment
of women
4. Reduce child mortality
5. Improve maternal health
6. Combat HIV/AIDS and malaria
7. Ensure environmental sustainability
8. Global partnership for development
These can be positively influenced by increased activity.
“Literacy is a fundamental human right and the foundation for lifelong learning. It is fully
essential to social and human development in its ability to transform lives. For individuals,
families, and societies, it is an instrument of empowerment to improve one’s health, one’s
income, and one’s relationship with the world.”

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Movement Study Notes
Literacy is about: (UNESCO)
-how we communicate
-how we think and solve problems
-social practices and relationships, about knowledge, language and culture
Physical Literacy
Definition of PL (Mandigo, Francis, Lodewyk & Lopez, 2009)
“Individuals who are physically literate move with competence and confidence in a wide
variety of physical activities in multiple environments that benefit the healthy development
of the whole person.”
How to achieve this? Through Fundamental Movement Skills
Locomotion- travelling (movement or the ability to move from one place to another)
Stability- maintaining balance while still or travelling
Object manipulation- using ‘things’ such as hoops, balls, rackets
We need quality leaders who are knowledgeable about:
Planning (not just ‘playing’)
Environment (eg playing with other objects, 2 vs. 2; 1vs.2)
Instruction (breaking down the skills, problem solving)
Professionalism (respectful behavior, positive communication, honouring differences)
Mechikoff, Chapter 4
Stoics- A person who can endure pain or hardship without showing their feelings or
Epicureans- A person devoted to sensual enjoyment, especially that derived from fine food and
Circus Maximus- Chariot races, thrilling b/c horse races.. Emperor hand out bread, fruit and
even raffle tickets to the crowds.
Coliseum- Fights at the coliseum (kept the animals, sophisticated)
Midterm ****
What came before us??
Very 'advanced' civilization:

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Movement Study Notes
- Sumer
- Egypt
- China
- Mesoamerica (Mayans)
Why is this history relevant to us today?
The 2 things that are profound about Rome are :
They were great builders
They were very violent
Eastern North America (c. 3000 BCE-30 CE) Nile River
Held religious festivals with athletic competition
Sports designed to strengthen muscle
Respect for the body and what the body gives us
Roman Empire (100 BCE-500 AD)
Men killing men
Animals killing men
Chariot wheels
Sport in the Roman Era
Sport becomes a spectator experience
Unlike the Greek dramatic and athletic festivals, Romans commercialized brutality for
public entertainment
Blood sports/gladiatorial combat used to enhance nationalism/militarism (display
strength of Empire/ intimidate minorities
Sport & Social control; spectatorship raises concern re. crowd control; sport becomes
forum for gambling
Sport entertained idle populace and disposed of socially undesirable people
Cultural Influences
Romans assimilated Greek deities (Gods)
Roman society reflected slavery, patriarchy, class divisions, educated elite
Claudis Galen's influence conveyed Greek ideals of health through fitness (Health related
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