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HIST 2400 A Full set of lecture notes, good luck on exam~

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HIST 2401
Hal Goldman

HIST 2400 A History of the United States Harold Goldman September 19 Henry VIII 14911547Eng ref comes from the top down marries Catherine of Aragon in 1509Henry becomes heir after older brother diesneeded special permission from the pope to marry sisterinlawHenry wanted a divorce 18 years later he needed a son and shed only given him one daughterHenry wants to annul the marriage on the grounds that shes his sister in lawCatherines nephew is holding the pope hostage pope already granted the marriage in the first place says noLords suggest that Henry become head of the English Churchget the divorce take control of church lands and appointmentsMakes the Anglican Church which must legitimize his new marriage all subjects must swear new oaths to him as head of churchyou dont just go to hell now you go to jail toothose who didnt take the oath were executedthe Anglican church is basically catholic just no pope king insteadalot of ppl in eng werent happy about this Catherine of Aragondaughter of FerdinandIsabellapreviously married to Henrys older brother Arthur Edward VIthe son henry sought so much died in 1553 Mary I Bloody Mary r 155358daughter of Catherine of Adevotely catholicnot well liked by much of England Anne Boleynhandmaiden of Catherine of A Charles V r 15191556King of Spain Catherins nephew Philip II of S Elizabeth I r15581603never married called the virgin queen tho likely wasntnever married didnt want to pick sides on the continentdid not tolerate dissent or revoltestablished an effective state security apparatus successfully hunted catholicsdidnt like the extreme protestants eitherEliz was loved for the stability she broughtturned England into a great power on thetrack to at least Armada 1588sent by Philip too recatholicize englandwent it sunk in storm it was taken as a sign that god was protestantConquistadoresgo to the new world for converts escape persecution at home greed Aztecs Inca Mestizos Colonizationdriven by desire for the spice markets in asia muslim middlemen charge alotliving space as Europe became increasingly populated September 21first settlers were very similar to the conquistadores they were male adventurous rough and often died early motivated by profitthe trip from eng to am would generally take at least a month if not morethe tough conditions in the crossing shitty living space food and water led to increased religious fervour among the survivorsthey arrived at a land of constant threat with no retreatif the indians didnt give them food the early settlers likely starved to deaththe settlers were completely dependent on private interests back home not the govt these settlers were therefore under enormous pressure from investors back home who would be ruined if they didnt get a returnJamestownEst 1607 by the Virginia Companyswept the streets of london for the desperately poor shipped them offonly 60500 survived the first wintervirginia comp tries to introduce military law but london is too far awayinstead they start offering huge acreages 50 of land to ppl who moved xtra 50 if you brought ppl with youheadright systemthis helped bring stability to the colony and enfranchised many settlers the company changed the charter to more democracya house of burgesses was established to govern the day to daytobacco farming gives virginia an economic engine barrels of tobacco became the monetary system of the colonythis tobacco craze led to 12 indentured servants being worked to death b4 their term of service expiredthe local indian tribe was the Pamunkey led by PowhatanPowhatan saw the english as just another chess piece in his local empire building
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