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Final

FINAL EXAM STUDY NOTES.docx

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Department
Law
Course
LAWS 1000
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Cognitive Science Exam ReviewWhat Is Mind frontal lobe motor skills language executive processes parietal lobe touch spatial attentionmapping occipital lobe vision temporal lobe hearing memory learning language cerebellum motor skills balance coordination consciousness being aware of sensations feelings thoughts intentionality self intentionality aboutness self identity the mindbody problem how do the mind and the body interactExplanations Cartesian dualism the mind and body are 2 different substances minds are infinite bodies are finite minds are not subjected to the laws of physics idealism mind is all the exists there is not body physicalism there is no mind only physical things the mind is the brain multiple realizability disproves this functionalism everything can be identified by its function minds can occur in nonbrain like structuresCognitive Science rationalism knowledge is innate empiricism knowledge is gained through experience these theories date back to the ancient greeks Wilhem Wundt studied consciousness by using introspection John Watson developed behaviourismonly observable behaviours should be studied Ivan Pavlov classical conditioning learned reflexes B F Skinner operant conditioning rewardspunishmentsFathers of Cognitive Science George Miller memory John McCarthy Marvin Minsky Allen Newell Herbert Simon artificial intelligence Noam Chomsky language is beyond behaviourismDisciplines That Make Up Cognitive Science psychology philosophy artificial intelligence linguistics neuroscience anthropologyQuestion of Cognitive Science What kind of system can have the cognitive structure and run the processes necessary to give us the information we haveGoals to study the intelligence of humans animals and computers 3 ways of understanding study behaviour abstract study of intelligence study computer processesMemory the process of rememberingst encoding is the 1 step of memory MUST PAY ATTENTION the hippocampusfrontal cortex decide what is encoded sensory memory1 sec ability to retain impressions of sensory information after stimuli ends shortterm memory1 min temporarily storesmanages information up to about 7 items for 30 seconds longterm memory permanent changes in neural connections semantically encoded procedural memory implicit remembering how created at an unconscious level by repeating tasks declarative memory explicit remembering thatwhat semantic memory explicit recall of fact episodic memory explicit autobiographicalMemory Deteriorationepisodic memory is impaired with age hippocampus loses 5 of nerve cells each decade brain shrinks with age alzheimers is a loss of neuronssynapses in cerebral cortexAmnesia condition where memory is disturbed of lost anterograde amnesia impairs memorization of new things retrograde amnesia loss of preexisting memories patient HM helped show the difference between explicitimplicit memory by doing things he could not remember having done before patient KC suffered damage to the temporal lobe then lost episodic memory
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