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Political Science
PSCI 3204
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thJanuary 8Latin American DiversityoPeople in North America Study Latin America for two reasonsThe Latin Americanization of North America and its effects on the Lifestyles in North AmericaAnd the large Latin American population which has migrated into North AmericaoLatin Americans call people from the United States Gringos or North Americans and they call people from Canada CanadiansoChe GuveraHe was a DoctorBorn into a rich Argentine familyHe was a fierce revolutionary and a commander in the Guerilla war in Cuba under CastroHe published at least two books on guerilla warfare In 1966 he went to Bolivia to train and fight against the government but was not able to rally the support of the peasants was surrounded by North American contras and was executed His real first name was actually Ernesto while in Mexico he was given the name Che because he had a thick Argintine accent and in Argentina the word Che means buddy or friendoImages that first come to the mind of many are things like Che Guevara the Frito Bandito Salsa dancing US influence in South and Central America Spanish and Portuguese drugs etcoWhen we move beyond stereotypes we see that its a very complex region and is not homogenousat all oLatin American extends from Tijuana in Mexico down to the tip of Tierrdel Fuego and province in Chile oLatin American consists of three sub regions Central AmericanNicaragua El SalvadorPanamaCosta RicaHondurasGuatemalaBelizeThe CaribbeanMore than 7000 islandsHaitiDominican RepublicCubaJamaicaAnd numerous territories from other StatesSouth AmericaColumbiaVenezuelaEcuadorPeruBrazilChileBoliviaParaguayUruguayArgentinaGuyanaSurinameFrench GuianaoThere are many geographical differences between the whole area from the aired deserts in Northern Chile to the tropical rainforests of Brazil Costa Rica is home to 42 active volcanoes Nicaragua contains the Nicaragua depression which contains two huge lakes Demographic differenceso590 million people for a total of 9 of the populationoCentral America is the region experiencing the highest growth rate while Guatemala is experiencing the highest growth rate of any states Next was Honduras then Paraguay Bolivia then oCuba on the other hand is experiencing a negative population growth partly because the Cuban fertility rate is below replacement since 1978 and immigration is extremely difficultoThe cities of Mexico City Buenos Aires and Sao Paulo have populations over 10 million people Mexico City is now the largest city in the world oThe most populous sub region is South America oBrazil is the largest country in terms of land followed by Argentina Mexico Peru then ColumbiaEthnic GroupsoBy the time the Spanish and Portugese arrived in the early 13th century there were nearly 50million people living in Latin America After the population became decimated they needed in expensive labor to work on the plantations and mines some 8 million africans were brought to Latin America as slaves Most were concentrated in Peru Brazil and the Caribbean oMost Spanish and Portugese arrived without their families and so a series of racial melding began between the new and old So the authorities created a new racial vocabulary to deal with itWhite Europeans people born in EuropeCriollos Pure Europeans born in latin americaIndians or Amerindians indigenous people of Spainish AmericaMestizos decendents of Whites and AmerindiansMulatos decendents of Whites and black AfricansZambos decendents of black africans and indiansBlack africans West african people either manumitted liberated or slavesoAfter independence by 1888 all latin american states had outlawed slavery So they needed access to cheap labor Between 1870 and 1950 Argentina took in around 6 million European immigrants especially from Italy and Spain and some 17000 Jewish immigrants In the same period Brazil took in over 52 million Europeans and 96000 Jewish Immigrants This was the first wave of European Immigrants The Second wave was During and after the war Brazil has experienced
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