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Mid-term.StudySheet.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 276
Professor
Laurent Corbeil
Semester
Winter

Description
HIST 276 History of Latin America: Colonial Period Concordia University, Winter 2014 Mid-Term Study Sheet (You must come up with a very short definition; two or three manuscript lines maximum) Alcaldía mayor: Donatorios (Donatories) Mita Altepetl Encomienda Mulato Audiencia Forastero New Laws (1542) Ayllu Governación Oidores Brazilwood Huaca Repartimiento Cabildo Inquisition Requerimiento Cacique Kuraka Royal Patronage Calpolli Ladino (indio ladino) Tahuantinsuyo Capitania (Captaincy) Limpieza de sangre Vice-roy Corporation Mameluco Corregimiento Mestizo Peoples (Historical significance, where, when) Atahualpa Hernán Cortés Moctezuma Charles I (Charles V) Huascar PedroAlvares Cabral Christopher Columbus Isabel Doña Marina (Malinche) John II Francisco Pizarro Manco Inca Indigenous ethnic groups (Historical significance/contribution, where, when) Arawaks Mayas Quechuas Aztecs Mexicas Tlaxcalans Cañaris Nahuas Tupis Incas Olmecs 1 Alcaldía mayor: administrative institution with powers in both indigenous  and Spanish grounds. Altepetl: in Pre­Columbian and Spanish conquest­era Aztec society, was the  local, ethnically based political entity. It is usually translated into English as  "city­state". Audiencia:   A high­ court and advisory body to a regional chief executive  in the Spanish colonies, also the territorial jurisdiction of such a court.  Consisted of four judges, who also held executive and legislative powers (in  charge of judicial matters). Ayllu: part of inca empire social organization, they were extended family  groups but they could adopt non­related members, giving individual families  more variation and security of the land that they farmed. Brazilwood: a red dyewood that was a major brazilian product for exports. Cacique: Native chieftains in mexico (same as kuraka). Cabildo: town councils (cabildos), composed of the most prominent  citizens, mostly encomenderos. Forastero: An outsider; a person residing in a region other than where born. Huaca: part of inca empire social organization; common divinity. Inquisition: under Isabella and Ferdinand, mission to convert to  Catholicism.  Kuraka: part of inca empire social organization; chief of Ayllu. Tahuantinsuyo : Inca Empire was called Tahuantinsuyo by the Incas, it was  the largest empire in Latin America. Mestizo: offspring of Spanish and Indian parents. 2 Mita: The colonial forced labor draft that provided Indian workers on a  rotational basis. Most common in mining in Peru. Adapted from an Inka  precedent. Mulato: Offspring of black and white or, in some regions, black and Indian  parents. Oidores: member judge of the   Royal   Audiencias  . Vice­Roy: regal official who runs a country, colony, or city province. People     Hernan Cortes: Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused  the fall of the Aztec Empire in 1521. Cabral : accidently made contact with Brazil when trying to reach India in  1500. Huascar : was Sapa Inca of the Inca empire from 1527 to 1532 AD. Atahualpa: last Sapa Inca of the Tawantinsuyu befor
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