HIST 276 History of Latin America: Colonial Period
Concordia University, Winter 2014
Mid-Term Study Sheet
(You must come up with a very short definition; two or three manuscript lines maximum)
Alcaldía mayor: Donatorios (Donatories) Mita
Altepetl Encomienda Mulato
Audiencia Forastero New Laws (1542)
Ayllu Governación Oidores
Brazilwood Huaca Repartimiento
Cabildo Inquisition Requerimiento
Cacique Kuraka Royal Patronage
Calpolli Ladino (indio ladino) Tahuantinsuyo
Capitania (Captaincy) Limpieza de sangre Vice-roy
(Historical significance, where, when)
Atahualpa Hernán Cortés Moctezuma
Charles I (Charles V) Huascar PedroAlvares Cabral
Christopher Columbus Isabel
Doña Marina (Malinche) John II
Francisco Pizarro Manco Inca
Indigenous ethnic groups
(Historical significance/contribution, where, when)
Arawaks Mayas Quechuas
Aztecs Mexicas Tlaxcalans
Cañaris Nahuas Tupis
1 Alcaldía mayor: administrative institution with powers in both indigenous
and Spanish grounds.
Altepetl: in PreColumbian and Spanish conquestera Aztec society, was the
local, ethnically based political entity. It is usually translated into English as
Audiencia: A high court and advisory body to a regional chief executive
in the Spanish colonies, also the territorial jurisdiction of such a court.
Consisted of four judges, who also held executive and legislative powers (in
charge of judicial matters).
Ayllu: part of inca empire social organization, they were extended family
groups but they could adopt nonrelated members, giving individual families
more variation and security of the land that they farmed.
Brazilwood: a red dyewood that was a major brazilian product for exports.
Cacique: Native chieftains in mexico (same as kuraka).
Cabildo: town councils (cabildos), composed of the most prominent
citizens, mostly encomenderos.
Forastero: An outsider; a person residing in a region other than where born.
Huaca: part of inca empire social organization; common divinity.
Inquisition: under Isabella and Ferdinand, mission to convert to
Kuraka: part of inca empire social organization; chief of Ayllu.
Tahuantinsuyo : Inca Empire was called Tahuantinsuyo by the Incas, it was
the largest empire in Latin America.
Mestizo: offspring of Spanish and Indian parents.
2 Mita: The colonial forced labor draft that provided Indian workers on a
rotational basis. Most common in mining in Peru. Adapted from an Inka
Mulato: Offspring of black and white or, in some regions, black and Indian
Oidores: member judge of the Royal Audiencias .
ViceRoy: regal official who runs a country, colony, or city province.
Hernan Cortes: Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused
the fall of the Aztec Empire in 1521.
Cabral : accidently made contact with Brazil when trying to reach India in
Huascar : was Sapa Inca of the Inca empire from 1527 to 1532 AD.
Atahualpa: last Sapa Inca of the Tawantinsuyu befor