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[ANTH 1120] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (17 pages long!)Premium

17 pages210 viewsFall 2016

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 1120
Professor
A.Solomonian
Study Guide
Midterm

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Langara
ANTH 1120
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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September8
Explanationsofthehumancondition
Dualism:viewthatseesrealityasconsistingoftwodifferentbutequalparts,iecartesian
dualism,mindandbody
 Determinism:biologicalreductionofcomplexeventstosingleforces
 Idealism:primacytothemindthatproducesideas
 Ourminddefinesus
 Materialism:emphasizesonactions,onthephysicalplaneinmaterialworld
Notourthoughts,butouractionsandproducts
Anthrointroduces..
Holism:assumesmindbody,personsociety,humans,interpenetrateanddefineeachother,
everythingwedoandthinkdefinesus,doesnotreducethingstosimplertermsliketheones
before
 Culture:learnedbehaviorandideasacquiredbyhumansasmembersofsociety
 Coevolution:emphasizesthemutualevolutionofbiology,cultureandenvironment
Anthropologicalperspective
 iscomparativeinthatitobserveshumansacrosstimeandspace.
 Isevolutionary,includesviewofcoevolution,relationshipbetweenbiologicaland
symbolicprocesses
 ielanguage,asymbolicprocess,theword“table”meansnothingotherthan
thephysicalcounterpartweassignedtoit
 Recognizesthathumans/societies(aslongasthey’realive)areopentoinfluences
thatcanchangethemfromtheircurrent/pastwayoflife,iecultureisfluidand
dynamic
Biologicalanthropology
 Focusonhumanasorganisms
 Paleoanthropology,humanbioandvariation,primatology
 Ourevolutionfromancestorstousasaspecies
 Thebiologicalsystemandtheirfactors,ierace
Archaeology
 Focusonpastwaysoflife
 Throughmaterialevidence,observationofculture,lifestyle,humanpastandculture
Linguisticanthropology
 Focusonlanguageandtherelationbetweenlanguageandidentity,andlanguage
withinsubcultures
 Thediversityoflanguage
 Discriminationbetweenhowitisspoken,iedialects,accents
Culturalanthropology
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 Focusonpresentdaysocieties/ethnographyandethnology
 Ethnography:studyofoneculturalgroup
 Ethnology:comparesandcontrastsgroupstoaddressalargerquestion
 Focusoncontemporaryculture,howourpastaffectsourpresentdayculture
 Globalization
 Genderandsexuality
 Urbanization
 Usesextendedfieldworkmethod
 Stayinaplaceforalongtime,andrepeatedly
 Researchersgatherinfofrompeopletheyencounterinthefieldwhoarevariously
calledinformants(nolongerused),participants(meh),consultants(ok),teachers
(preferred)
Appliedanthropology
 Focusontheapplicationofanthropologicaltheoriesandmethodstothesolutionof
everydayproblems
 Eghealthypolicy,refugeesupports,forensicinvestigation
 Thereareexamplesinallfourfields
 Someareexamplesinallfourfields
 Somearguethatappliedanthroisafifthfield/subcategoryofanthro
Anthropologyandconceptofculture
 Cultureisacentralmarkerofwhatitmeanstobehuman
 “[Cultureis]thatcomplexwholewhichincludesknowledge,belief,art,morals,law,
customs,andanyothercapabilitiesandhabitsacquired...Asamemberofsociety.”
E.B.Taylor
 Somepeoplesayhe’sdefiningsymbols/featuresofaculture,butnot
necessarilyculture.
 Thisideaofcultureisbornfromwhereeuropeancultureistop,while
everybodyelseislesserformofthisculture.
Cultureasearnedsymbolicandadaptive
 Habitus:routineactivitiesrootedinhabitualbehaviorsthatarelearnedasamember
ofsociety
 ie,personalhygiene,gettingdressed,eating
 Bourdieustudiedhowdifferentclassesoffrenchsocietyholdtheirforks
 Islearned,notbornwithit
 Culturesarenotneatlyboundedandclosedofffromothercultures,norarethey
uniformwithin
 Culturesarealwaysmixingwitheachother,dynamicsystems
 Somerecentdebatearoundtheuseofcultureaspatterned,symbolicallymediated
ideasversusculturesaslearnedwaysoflifeofaspecificgroup.
 Culturesasplural,manydifferentcultures,butothersargueitisracist,that
theseculturescanbecomparedw/eachother
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