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Study Guide

[ANTH 1120] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (17 pages long!)
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17 Pages
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Fall 2016

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 1120
Professor
A.Solomonian
Study Guide
Midterm

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Langara
ANTH 1120
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
September8
Explanationsofthehumancondition
Dualism:viewthatseesrealityasconsistingoftwodifferentbutequalparts,iecartesian
dualism,mindandbody
 Determinism:biologicalreductionofcomplexeventstosingleforces
 Idealism:primacytothemindthatproducesideas
 Ourminddefinesus
 Materialism:emphasizesonactions,onthephysicalplaneinmaterialworld
Notourthoughts,butouractionsandproducts
Anthrointroduces..
Holism:assumesmindbody,personsociety,humans,interpenetrateanddefineeachother,
everythingwedoandthinkdefinesus,doesnotreducethingstosimplertermsliketheones
before
 Culture:learnedbehaviorandideasacquiredbyhumansasmembersofsociety
 Coevolution:emphasizesthemutualevolutionofbiology,cultureandenvironment
Anthropologicalperspective
 iscomparativeinthatitobserveshumansacrosstimeandspace.
 Isevolutionary,includesviewofcoevolution,relationshipbetweenbiologicaland
symbolicprocesses
 ielanguage,asymbolicprocess,theword“table”meansnothingotherthan
thephysicalcounterpartweassignedtoit
 Recognizesthathumans/societies(aslongasthey’realive)areopentoinfluences
thatcanchangethemfromtheircurrent/pastwayoflife,iecultureisfluidand
dynamic
Biologicalanthropology
 Focusonhumanasorganisms
 Paleoanthropology,humanbioandvariation,primatology
 Ourevolutionfromancestorstousasaspecies
 Thebiologicalsystemandtheirfactors,ierace
Archaeology
 Focusonpastwaysoflife
 Throughmaterialevidence,observationofculture,lifestyle,humanpastandculture
Linguisticanthropology
 Focusonlanguageandtherelationbetweenlanguageandidentity,andlanguage
withinsubcultures
 Thediversityoflanguage
 Discriminationbetweenhowitisspoken,iedialects,accents
Culturalanthropology
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
 Focusonpresentdaysocieties/ethnographyandethnology
 Ethnography:studyofoneculturalgroup
 Ethnology:comparesandcontrastsgroupstoaddressalargerquestion
 Focusoncontemporaryculture,howourpastaffectsourpresentdayculture
 Globalization
 Genderandsexuality
 Urbanization
 Usesextendedfieldworkmethod
 Stayinaplaceforalongtime,andrepeatedly
 Researchersgatherinfofrompeopletheyencounterinthefieldwhoarevariously
calledinformants(nolongerused),participants(meh),consultants(ok),teachers
(preferred)
Appliedanthropology
 Focusontheapplicationofanthropologicaltheoriesandmethodstothesolutionof
everydayproblems
 Eghealthypolicy,refugeesupports,forensicinvestigation
 Thereareexamplesinallfourfields
 Someareexamplesinallfourfields
 Somearguethatappliedanthroisafifthfield/subcategoryofanthro
Anthropologyandconceptofculture
 Cultureisacentralmarkerofwhatitmeanstobehuman
 “[Cultureis]thatcomplexwholewhichincludesknowledge,belief,art,morals,law,
customs,andanyothercapabilitiesandhabitsacquired...Asamemberofsociety.”
E.B.Taylor
 Somepeoplesayhe’sdefiningsymbols/featuresofaculture,butnot
necessarilyculture.
 Thisideaofcultureisbornfromwhereeuropeancultureistop,while
everybodyelseislesserformofthisculture.
Cultureasearnedsymbolicandadaptive
 Habitus:routineactivitiesrootedinhabitualbehaviorsthatarelearnedasamember
ofsociety
 ie,personalhygiene,gettingdressed,eating
 Bourdieustudiedhowdifferentclassesoffrenchsocietyholdtheirforks
 Islearned,notbornwithit
 Culturesarenotneatlyboundedandclosedofffromothercultures,norarethey
uniformwithin
 Culturesarealwaysmixingwitheachother,dynamicsystems
 Somerecentdebatearoundtheuseofcultureaspatterned,symbolicallymediated
ideasversusculturesaslearnedwaysoflifeofaspecificgroup.
 Culturesasplural,manydifferentcultures,butothersargueitisracist,that
theseculturescanbecomparedw/eachother
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Description
[ANTH 1120] Comprehensive Midterm exam guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com September 8  Explanations of the human condition    Dualism: view that sees reality as consisting of two different but equal parts, ie cartesian  dualism, mind and body  ­ Determinism: biological reduction of complex events to single forces  ­ Idealism: primacy to the mind that produces ideas  ­ Our mind defines us  ­ Materialism: emphasizes on actions, on the physical plane in material world  Not our thoughts, but our actions and products    Anthro introduces..  Holism: assumes mind body, person society, humans, interpenetrate and define each other,  everything we do and think defines us, does not reduce things to simpler terms like the ones  before  ­ Culture: learned behavior and ideas acquired by humans as members of society  ­ Co­evolution: emphasizes the mutual evolution of biology, culture and environment    Anthropological perspective    ­ is comparative in that it observes humans across time and space.  ­ Is evolutionary, includes view of coevolution, relationship between biological and  symbolic processes  ­ ie language, a symbolic process, the word “table” means nothing other than  the physical counterpart we assigned to it  ­ Recognizes that humans/societies (as long as they’re alive) are open to influences  that can change them from their current/past way of life, ie culture is fluid and  dynamic    Biological anthropology  ­ Focus on human as organisms  ­ Paleoanthropology, human bio and variation, primatology  ­ Our evolution from ancestors to us as a species  ­ The biological system and their factors, ie race    Archaeology  ­ Focus on past ways of life  ­ Through material evidence, observation of culture, lifestyle, human past and culture    Linguistic anthropology  ­ Focus on language and the relation between language and identity, and language  within sub­cultures  ­ The diversity of language  ­ Discrimination between how it is spoken, ie dialects, accents    Cultural anthropology  find more resources at oneclass.com
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