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HSCI 1130 Study Guide - Fall 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Canada, Substance Dependence, Dopamine


Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
HSCI 1130
Professor
Blake
Study Guide
Final

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HSCI 1130

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Drugs: Any substance, natural or artificial, other then food, which by its chemical
nature alters structure or function in the living organism
Psychoactive: drugs that effect the mind Ex: perception and sensation
Addictiveness: Drug action; what is it doing
Behaviour; connection
Tolerance- increasing amounts needed for desired psychoactive effect
Dependence - Physiological
- Psychological: due to Dopamine realise
Treatment: Support system-peers/family
Proper diagnosis-engagement with health care providers/system
Acknowledge dependence
Regaining agency/power/reintegration
Counselling(therapy) /medical treatment (withdrawal/maintenance)
Goals: Improve health
Repair relationships
Avoid contact with law
Prevent relapse
Peace
Harm Reduction -Reduce Use
-Maintain Use
-manage Use
4 principals of psychoactive substance use:
Drugs are not bad or good
1.
Every drug has multiple effects
2.
Both the size and quality of the dug effects depend on how much the user has
taken
3.
The effects of any psychoactive drug depends on the individuals history and
expectations
4.
Chapter 1 :Drug use: Overview
Monday, January 29, 2018
6:36 PM
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expectations
Tolerance: the diminished effect on the body after repeated use of the same drug
The body develops ways to compensate for the chemical imbalance
caused by the drug
Regular drug users may build up a tolerance to the extent that their
dosage could kill a novice user
Withdrawal: Symptoms which are abnormal physical or psychological effects
associated with stopping a drug. Ex: sweating,
tremors,vomiting,anxiety,insomnia,muscle aches and pains
Dependence: A state in which the user uses the drug so frequently and consistency
that it appears it would be difficult for the person to get along without using the drug
*CORRELATION = CAUSATION*
Antecedents: A variable that accurse before some event, such as the initiation of drug
use
Risk and protective factors for substance use:
RISKS: Family/peer groups Protective: Family/peer groups
Mental health Mental Health
Location Location
Medication/narcotics
Education/awareness
Stress Gender/genetics
Ease of use Access to health
care
Gender/genetics
Access to health services
Cost of drug use in society:
Problems directly related to taking the drug
1.
Problems related to law enforements,prevention and treatment
2.
Personal harm: Physical health, home life, marriage, work, study's, financial position,
legal problems, housing, learning
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