HIST-1107EL Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Dysphoria, Explanatory Style, Learned Helplessness

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Two important components of the success of pais in raising well-being are the participant"s motivation to seriously engage in the target activity and her belief that the activity could work. Lyubomirsky et al. - after performing a positive activity, ones who initially self-selected into an intervention to make them happier showed greater gains in well-being than those who self-selected to test cognitive exercises. But, having the goal of happiness might have deleterious outcomes (people who valued happiness more were actually less happy when facing low levels of life stress) Al- participants led to value happiness actually experienced less happiness from a positive video clip than participants who read an affectively neutral news clip. Being highly motivated to become happier serves as a barrier to real happiness (because of increased self-monitoring and self-focus) Six-week pai found that self-reported participant effort predicted linear increases in well-being over the course of the study.