Spanish Final Review.docx

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Department
Hispanic Studies (Arts)
Course
HISP 210
Professor
Lucia Chamanadjian
Semester
Winter

Description
Hisp 210 Review Yo soy, tu eres, usted es, el es, ella es, nosotros somos, vosotros sois, ustedes/ellos/ellas son Ser: to identify or define, tells who or what the subject is Ser de  express origin Articles and nouns: The: el, la; los, las A, an: un, una; unos, unas Adjectives: plural forms Plural of adjective ending in vowel, add “s”, plural of adjective ending in consonant add “es”. “As” if ending in “dor”. Present tense of –ar verbs: Yo o Nosotros amos Tu as Vosotros áis Usted a Ustedes an El, ella a Ellos, ellas an Ir: voy, vas, va, va, vamos, vais, van, van Present tense of –er and –ir verbs Yo o Nosotros emos Tu es Vosotros éis Usted e Ustedes en El, ella e Ellos, ellas en Three irregular verbs: tener, salir, venir Tengo, tienes, tiene, tiene, tenemos, tenéis, tienen, tienen Salgo, sales, sale, sale, salimos, salís, salen, salen Vengo, vienes, viene, viene, venimos, venís, vienen, vienen Interrogative words: Cómo? How? What? Cuál? Which one? What? Cuándo? When? Dónde? Where? Porqué? Why? De Donde? Where from? Cuánto? How much? Cuántos? How many? Qué? What? Which? Quién? Who? Adónde? Where to? A qué hora? At what time? Numbers: cero, uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez, once, doce, trece, catorce, quince, dieciséis, diecisiete, dieciocho, diecinueve, veinte, veintiuno… cuarenta, cincuenta, sesenta, setenta, ochenta, noventa, cien, ciento… Possessive adjectives: Mi, tu, su, su, mis, tus, su(s), su(s) Nuestro, vuestro, su, su(s) Telling time: “es la” used only with una, otherwise, son las Cuarto – quarter Media – half past the hour Days of the week: lunes, martes, miércoles, jueves, viernes, sábado, domingo Months: enero, febrero, marzo, abril, mayo, junio, julio, agosto, septiembre, octubre, noviembre, diciembre Seasons: El otoño, el invierno, la primavera, el verano Estar: tell where someone or something is located, describe feelings and conditions Estoy, estás, está, está, estamos, estáis, están, están Present participles: -ar verbs, add “ando” -er and –ir, add “iendo” e.g. bailando, trabajando Gustar, fascinar and encantar: Me, te, le, nos, os, les gusta (gustan, if liking more than one thing) Demonstrative adjectives: Este – this Estos – these Ese – that Esos – those Aquel – that (over there), aquella Aquellos – those (over there) aquellas Stem changing verbs: e  ie, o  ue Examples: empezar, pensar, perder, preferir, querer, almorzar, contar, volver, dormir More numbers: doscientos, doscientos veinticinco, trescientos… seiscientos… novescientos... mil, mil cinco, doce mil cuarenta y cinco, un millón Mil = 1000, never preceded by un Comparisons of equality and inequality: Equality - Tan + adjective + como (This blanks is as blank as this.) Inequality – Mas/menos + adjective + que Idioms with tener: tener que + infinitive = to have to do something. Tener ganas de + infinitive = to feel like doing something. Preterite: Ir: fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron Poder: pude, pudiste, pudo, pudimos, pudisteis, pudieron Tener: tuve, tuviste, tuvo, tuvimos, tuvisteis, tuvieron Review of difference between ser and estar: Ser  with adjectives to describe traits/characteristics, identify people or things, express nationality, tell what things are made of, tell time, tell where something is taking place. Estar  with adjectives to describe states of being, behavior and conditions; indicae location, form progressive tense, idomatic expressions. Prepositions: A la izquierda de – to the left of A la derecha de – to the right of Al lado de – next to, beside Antes de – before Cerca de – near Debajo de – under Delante de – in front of Después de – after Detrás de – behind Encima de – on top of Enfrente de – facing, opposite Junto a – next to Lejos de – far from A – to/at Con – with De – of, from Desde – from En – in, at, on Entre – between Para – for, in order to, Por – for, by, through Sin – without Sobre – over, on top of, about Por and para: POR PARA By, by means of In order to Through, along For: compared with, realtions to others Because of For: intended for, to be given to During, in For: in direction of, toward For: in place of, in exchange for For: by a specified time For: for a period of time For: in one’s opinion Adverbs of time and frequency: Ahora – now Anoche – last night De noche- at night A veces – sometimes Nunca – nevr Siempre – always Tarde – late Temprano – early Todos los días – every day Comparisons: actions and quantities Actions: Verb + tanto como e.g. Miguel viaja tanto como yo  Miguel travels as much as I do Quantities: Verb + tanto/tanta/tantos/tantas noun + como e.g. Sandra tiene tantos problemas como tu. Adverbs from adjectives: Add –mente to singular form of adjective; e.g. tranquilo  tranquilamente, placed before adjectives or after the verb they modify. (El tren es poco rápido/Lo golpearon violentamente). Preterite of regular verbs: -ar verbs Yo é Nosotros amos Tu aste Vosotros asteis El, ella ó Ellos, ellas aron -er, -ir verbs Yo í Nosotros imos Tu iste Vosotros isteis El, ella ió Ellos, ellas ieron Preterite with spelling changes: 1. Verbs ending in –car: c changes to qu in front of e Sacar: saque, sacaste, saco… Buscar: busque, buscaste, busco… 2. Ending in –zar: z changes to c in front of e empezar: empecé, empezaste, empezó 3. ending in –gar, g changes to gu in front of e llegar: llegue, llegaste, llego… jugar: jugué, jugaste, jugo… leer: leí, leíste, leyó, leímos, leísteis, leyeron creer: crei, creiste, creyo, creimos, creisteis, creyeron oir: oi, oiste, oyo, oímos, oís
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