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HIST 215 Quiz: Week 3 Article Readings-Voltaire, Candide (excerpts); Immanuel Kant, What is Enlightenment? (excerpts)
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5 Pages
64 Views
Winter 2015

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 215
Professor
Anastassios Anastassiadis
Study Guide
Quiz

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Immanuel Kant: What is Enlightenment?
22:04
Enlightenment: a mans release from his self-incurred tutelage-courage to
use your own reason
Most believe the step to competence is dangerous
Guardians make their domestic cattle(citizens) dumb and won’t dare to
challenge them and show them dangers in doing so
Makes people timid
Incapable of making use of his own reason and grows to like being this way
Few exercise their mind in freeing themselves from incompetence
If freedom is granted, enlightenment will follow
Always ganna be independent thinkers
Revolution may end tyranny but it won’t cause a true reform of the ways of
thinking- new prejudices will emerge in the unthinking population
Freedom is the only thing require-freedom to make use of reason
Public use of reason must always be free- as a scholar
Private use of reason: narrowly restricted without hindering process- using
reason in a civil office
Interest of the community- requires mechanism where members of
community must passively conduct themselves so the government can lead
them to public ends- you must obey
Suitability/utility of a command(utilitarianism) from a superior=must obey,
but you have the right to make remarks on military service and judgement
Can’t refuse to pay taxes but you can express your thoughts- still fulfilling
duty as citizen
Guardian of people=incompetent is an absurdity that becomes eternalized
Cannot bind itself and ordan to being put in a condition where you can’t
further knowledge, purify itself or errors or achieve progress in general
enlightenment- crime against human nature
Whether the people could have imposed such a law on itself:
But to unite in a permanent religious institution that the public canot criticize
ever and make progress to mankind impossible, working to the disadvantage
of posterity is forbidden
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What a man can’t declare for itself cannot be declared by a monarch
Leave it to the subjects
We live in a age of enlightenment not a enlightened age
Things are lacking which prevents men from being able to use reason in
religious matters with assurance and freedom
Field has now become open
Century of Frederick
The prince who declares religious freedom in the name of tolerance is
enlightened=leaves man to make use of freedom and reason in matters of
conscience
No restrictions rom official duties- spreads beyond the land
Main point of enlightenment: the escape of men from their self-incurred
tutelage(religious matters)- religious incompetence is the most degrading of
all
A greater degree of civil freedom appears advantageous to the freedom of
mind of the people and yet it places inescapable limitations upon it.
Lower degree= mind with room for each man to expand to his full
capacity(paradoxal)
Affects principles of government=more advantageous to treat men as more
than machines, treated with dignity.
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Description
Immanuel Kant: What is Enlightenment? 1/20/2015 11:04:00 PM Enlightenment: a mans release from his self-incurred tutelage-courage to use your own reason Most believe the step to competence is dangerous Guardians make their domestic cattle(citizens) dumb and won’t dare to challenge them and show them dangers in doing so Makes people timid Incapable of making use of his own reason and grows to like being this way Few exercise their mind in freeing themselves from incompetence If freedom is granted, enlightenment will follow Always ganna be independent thinkers Revolution may end tyranny but it won’t cause a true reform of the ways of thinking- new prejudices will emerge in the unthinking population Freedom is the only thing require-freedom to make use of reason Public use of reason must always be free- as a scholar Private use of reason: narrowly restricted without hindering process- using reason in a civil office Interest of the community- requires mechanism where members of community must passively conduct themselves so the government can lead them to public ends- you must obey Suitability/utility of a command(utilitarianism) from a superior=must obey, but you have the right to make remarks on military service and judgement Can’t refuse to pay taxes but you can express your thoughts- still fulfilling duty as citizen Guardian of people=incompetent is an absurdity that becomes eternalized Cannot bind itself and ordan to being put in a condition where you can’t further knowledge, purify itself or errors or achieve progress in general enlightenment- crime against human nature Whether the people could have imposed such a law on itself: • But to unite in a permanent religious institution that the public canot criticize ever and make progress to mankind impossible, working to the disadvantage of posterity is forbidden • What a man can’t declare for itself cannot be declared by a monarch • Leave it to the subjects We live in a age of enlightenment not a enlightened age Things are lacking which prevents men from being able to use reason in religious matters with assurance and freedom Field has now become open Century of Frederick The prince who declares religious freedom in the name of tolerance is enlightened=leaves man to make use of freedom and reason in matters of conscience No restrictions rom official duties- spreads beyond the land Main point of enlightenment: the escape of men from their self-incurred tutelage(religious matters)- religious incompetence is the most degrading of all A greater degree of civil freedom appears advantageous to the freedom of mind of the people and yet it places inescapable limitations upon it. Lower degree= mind with room for each man to expand to his full capacity(paradoxal) Affects principles of government=more advantageous to treat men
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