Study Guides (247,933)
Canada (121,177)
POLI 221 (50)
Midterm

Midterm #2 Reading Review

6 Pages
265 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 221
Professor
Christa Scholtz
Semester
Fall

Description
POLITICAL EXECUTIVE: - Permanent executive  develop and implement laws o PM, Cabinet, Central Agencies (PCO, PMO, Treasury Board, Dept. of Finance) - Cabinet  cabinet is a convention o Preferable to be an MP o Appointed by GG on the PM’s advice o Can be also be senators o PM tried to pick Cabinet members based on representation (in theory), partisan (members of the party governing Canada) o Roles of the Cabinet:  Collective responsibility ---- means that as a group, responsible  Representation ---- must be a rep from either territories, provinces, minorities or other groups (religious, women, etc.)  Suppose to reflect  Senate hasn’t assumed the role for fair rep, cabinet has been put in place to rep  Decision making --- suppose to act as a collective group with one descision o ---- now, cabinet as a whole plays less of a role in making decisions - PMO  Prime Minister’s Office o Central agency o Gives partisan + political advice to the PM o Chief of staff = head of the PMO (Niget Wright) o Policy advisors o Create appointment lists – makes the PM’s time table (schedule) o Does background research to feed the PM with needed info --- so that the PM track down names, make suggestions, etc. - PCO  Pricy Council Office o Recognized by the constitution --- statutory basis o Headed by the clerk of the privy council – the top bureaucrat/ public servant o Considered central agency o Clerk has a lot of experience, knows how Ottawa runned, knows public policy --- experienced in public policy o Clerk – provides public policy advice which is non-partisan (IN THEORY) --- SOMETIMES HARD TO PROVIDE ADVICE THAT IS POLICY FREE o Current clerk = Wayne Wouters o Duties (of clerk):  The PM’S DM – VERY IMPORTANT ROLES as the PM has grown in importance  Secretary to Cabinet (over see’s the PCO  Head of the federal public service (power over appts, decision of staffing below the PM’S power)  Coordinates Government  Maintain Cabinet records – paper work for cabinet meetings + coordinate o PCO must make sure that cabinet understands policies o PCO powers increased since confederation - Department of Fincance: o Has a statutory basis ---- under the financial administration Act o PM could not get rid of the department cause due to the constitution o PM picks the minister of finance o In charge of developing the country’s Macroeconomic policy  Fiscal policy  Economic forecasting  Preparation of budget  Administers $ transfers to provinces  Sets economic priorities for the deferral government  (decides how to get $ and how to spend $)  Develops regulations for the financial sector  Manages federal borrowing on financial markets  manages transfer programs ---- ex. Equalization program, Canadian health transfer --- recommendations to give $ to programs comes from this office o relationship between the PM and the minister of Finance is important - Treasure Board  statutory basis o Central agency o Chosen by the PM o A committee of the Cabinet (another department of cabinet) o If dept. of Finance sets policy – then TB cuts the cheques o TB President : Chief operations officer o Acts as a controller --- need Treasure board to spend $ o Dispurses $ collected through markets + taxes o Tasks:  Involved in budget process  Develops budget estimates – allocates $ to various parts of the public service  Approving regulations  Financial accountability o TB + FINANCE DEPARTMENT + Secretariat of TB --- IMPORTANT RELATIONSHIP o - Line Departments: o other depts. within the fed gov that implement policy, headed by deputy minister + implement ministerial initiatives o directly managed by a minister o perform tasks in specific areas/field (defence, agriculture, environment, etc.) o all different in size + importance o the deputy minister advices the minister of their dept. o ESSAY QUESTIONS: 1. Is it a PM government or a Cabinet Government? How has the structure/role of the Cabinet changed since 1867 --- stages of evolution in decision making? - PM’s role has undergone change as well as the Cabinet - Central agencies have grown in importance as cabinet has grown and coordination Gov has grown - Polical executive (cabinet) is all run on convention --- gives the PM more room to dominate as he wishes (no real laws that restrict him from changing it) - Relationship between the PM and the Cabinet  “Premus interparas”  PM is the first amongst equals --- arguably he stands above the equals now - Argument for PM Gov  PM choses the structure + members of Cabinet o Convention is that theyre members of Parliament but can choose anyone he likes but usually MP’s seek Cabinet positions - Since 1970
More Less

Related notes for POLI 221

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit