Jack Snyder - One World, Rival Theories
- none of the three theories can explain change.
Realism: focuses on the shifting of distribution of power amongst states
Instills pragmatic appreciation of the role of power but also warns that
the state will suffer if they over reach.
Liberalism: highlights the rising number of democracies and the turbulence of
Highlights cooperative potential of mature democracies, especially when
working together through effective institutions
Notes democracies' tendency to crusade against tyrannies and the
propensity of emerging democracies to collapse into violent ethnic
Idealism: illuminates changing norms of sovereignty, human rights and
international justice as well as the increased potency of religious ideas in politics.
Stresses that a consensus on values must underpin any stable political
Recognizes that forging such a consensus often requires an ideological
struggle with the potential for conflict.
**theories act as a powerful check on each other - they reveal the weaknesses in
each others arguments which can lead to misguided policies.
Claimed to be an antidote to the naive belief that international
institutions and law alone can preserve peace.
Continued centrality of military strength and persistence of conflict
(think china, united states, Germany).
US violent military response to 9/11 attacks
Central battles in "wars of terror" have been fought against two states
and that states have led the fight against terrorism.
Stress that policy must be based on