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POLI 362 - Final Prep: Poverty.doc

3 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 362
Catherine Lu

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Pogge “Severe poverty is an ongoing harm we inflict upon the global poor.” On rectification and its critics: “We indeed cannot inherit responsibility for our forefathers' sins. But how then can we plausibly claim the fruits of their sins?” On the subjunctive: “We indeed cannot inherit responsibility for our forefathers' sins. But how then can we plausibly claim the fruits of their sins?” Furthermore, when we “imagine a state of nature among human beings on this planet, one could not realistically conceive it as involving suffering and early deaths on the scale we are witnessing today. Only a thoroughly organized state of civilization can produce such horrendous misery.” Our current “institutional order is implicated in the reproduction of radical inequality in that there is a feasible institutional alternative under which such severe and extensive poverty would not persist.” Who bears responsibility? “Governments of our affluent countries bear primary responsibility for these global institutional arrangements and can foresee their detrimental effects. And many citizens of these affluent countries bear responsibility for the global institutional arrangements their governments have negotiated in their names” (5). Risse “I seek to show that the global order not only does not harm the poor but can plausibly be credited with the considerable improvements in human well-being that have been achieved over the last 200 years” (10). “The global order is not fundamentally unjust; instead, it is incompletely just, and it should be credited with the great advances it has brought” (11). Patten Diagnoses Pogge as subscribing to a minimal normative principle (don't do harm as opposed to prevent harm) but comes to a maximalist conclusion. Dilemma: either Pogge has a minimal normative principle with minimal conclusion, or Pogge can get to the maximal conclusion only through a maximalist premise. How to interpret Pogge's notion of justice? 1) Procedural 2) Substantive Patten: the first leads to the first horn, the second leads to the second horn The problem with the procedural view, for Patten, “places far too much emphasis on international factors and almost none at all on do
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