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ANTHROP 3HI3- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 262 pages long!)


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHROP 3HI3
Professor
Priscilla Medeiros
Study Guide
Final

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McMaster
ANTHROP 3HI3
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lecture 1: Introduction Jan 9
What is medical anthropology?
- A subfield of cultural and physical anthropology that examines the ways in which culture
and society are organized around and influenced by issues of health
- Looks closely at the relationship between human health and cultural behavior
(biosocial lens)
o Mainly concerned with the experiences(s) of disease
- Often integrates a mixed methods approach to phases of research
Five (5) approaches to medical anthropology
- 1) Ecological: the environment and its health risks are, to a significant extent, created by
culture
- 2) Bio-cultural: focuses on both the biological and cultural origins of health and disease
- 3) Ethno-medical: tri-fold look at the causation of illness, mechanisms for diagnosis, and
treatment practiced by various ethnic groups
- 4) Critical: examining medical systems through the lens of a critical theory (critique of
society and culture)
- 5) Applied: applying anthropological theory and/or methods to social problems
Examples of medical anthropology
- Local interpretations of illness and disease
- Perceptions of risk, vulnerability, and responsibility for illness and health care
- Preventative health and harm reduction practices
- The social organization of clinical interactions
- Disease distribution and health disparity
History of medical anthropology
- The development of modern medical anthropology in the 1960s and 1970s
- Founders of the subfield had their primary training in medicine, nursing, psychology, or
psychiatry
o Arthur Kleia’s tet seres as the foundation for both theory and methods
- Still maintains its multidisciplinary roots of investigation
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VIDEO - Dr. Paul Farmer: How Medical Anthropology Changed My Life
- Broke his arm, his father offered to set it for him
- Does’t ko WHY he ated to be a doctor
- Was a science major
- Took a medical anthropology class and was fascinated
- At Duke University, he did a research project
o Went to the ER
o During Jim Crow laws mandated segregation
o They were 70-80% African Americans
o It was this experience that led him to Haiti and then to Dartmouth
- Beliees it’s iportat to let readig aterial chage our life
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