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Commerce 4SD3 – Commercial Law Lecture Notes.docx

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Department
Commerce
Course
COMMERCE 4SD3
Professor
Paul Stillman
Semester
Winter

Description
Commerce4SD3CommercialLawTopic1IntroductionIncludingLawandSecurityLecture1SourcesofLawStatutesFederalorProvincialPreviousCourtDecisionsPrecedantsBothSourcessensitivetosocietyschangingneedsBasicPresumptionEveryoneisassumedtoknowEVERYlawThusbasedonafalseassumptionKnowthequestionbeforetheanswerPreventiveLawStepstakentoavoidlegalissuesExamplePutcontractsinwritingAreasofLawAProceduralLawRulesofpracticewhatcourtyougotopapersneedsetcBSubstantiveLaw3Categories1PublicParticipationofgovernmentACriminalBConstitutionalOurconstitutionincludesseparationofpowersbetweenfederalandprovincialgovernmentsAlsoincludescharterofrightsandfreedomsCAdministrativeBoardsandtribunalssetuptoadministrategovernmentlaw2PRIVATEAnydisputebetweenindividualsandcorporationsLawrelatingtocommercialtransations3StatusCorporatelawFamilyLawImmigrationLaw3Categoriesarenotmutuallyexclusivecanapplyto3areasinterrelatedTerms1CommonLawAAsystemofprecedentasdistinctfromcivillawBLawevolvedthroughtheQueensCourtforthecommonpeopleasdistinctfromtheCourtofEquitywhichisadministratedthroughtheChurchCCommonLawCourtnowincludesboththerulesoftheMonarchandEquity2CivilLawSystemutilizedinQuebecoAlllawsetoutinCivilCodeNeedtogotocourtdecisionstointerpretcodeAlsomeansdisputesbetweenindividualsinoursystem3OtherTermsACourtAdjudicatesBCrownProsecutesCAccusedDefendantForCivilCasesinOntariooPlaintiffinitiatesthecasesuednotchargedoDefendantdefendsthecasesuednotchargedoAppellanthastherightofappealoRespondentrespondstotheappealAnswer5QuestionsinanycaseWhoissuingwhomPatientsuingdoctoretcWhatisthecauseofactionAreaofLawBreachofContractetcWhatisbeingclaimedHowmuchwhatareyousuingforWhowonWhyoWhatwasimportantkeyfactorsthatleadtotheCourtsdecisionoWhatistheprecedentvalueinthecaseWhichLawwasusedStatutesKnowallthestatutenamesnottheirnumberMustbeappliedbythecourtastheyreflectthewillofthegovernmentthuspeoplewhovotedforthemeveryoneassumedMustbeinterpretedcanbeambiguousoPoorlydraftedwordedoDeliberatelyleftopendonotinterpreteverythingliterallyBecausearulecannotcoverEVERYsinglepossiblescenarioAccommodatesflexibilityTopic2MachineryofJusticeCourtStructureSupremeCourtofCanada9JudgesonlyappealsofatrailnottrailsheldInOttawaFederalCourtofCanadaFederalmattersonlysuchastaxationissuesOntarioCourtofAppealsInToronto3judgesonacasehearbothCriminalandCivilAppealsSuperiorCourtofJusticeDivisionalCriminalJudgesTrailUnifiedFamilySmallClaimsCourtCriminalJudgesTrailCourtareonlyforwhichajuryisavailableOntarioCourtofJusticeJudgesappointedbytheProvinceFamilyDivisionoExistsonlyinareaswherethereisnounifiedfamilycourtandcannotdealwithdivorcenorpropertyCriminalCourtoInitiatingcourtofallcriminalcaseswithsomebeingcompletethereaswellAdministrativeTribunalsOutsideofCourtStructurePresidedoverbycivilservantsandnotjudgesRightofreviewtoDivisionalCourtifo1DenialonNaturalJusticeobviouslywrongdeniedbasicrightsjusticeo2TribunalsgoesbeyondjurisdictionStareDecisisSystemofprecedentCourtbondbydecisionsofequalorhighercourtsBenefitsaCanpredictoutcomeofcasebKnowtherulesonadaytodaybasiscEarnspublicrespectProblemAnundesirableprecedentmaybedistinguishedinsteadofoverruledoFindthefactualdifferenceLegalanalysisinvolvesdecidingwhetheracaseisdifferentandwhatmakesthedifferencesoDecisionsfromotherprovincesmaynotbebindingbutarepersuasiveoDecisionsfromEnglandandmembersofCommonwealtharepersuasiveoDecisionsfromUSAarevirtuallyignoredInaCivilcasePlaintiffstartsthecasebyfillingoutaStatementofClaimoranapplicationBothsetoutwhatisbeingclaimedandwhyDefendantfilesaStatementofDefensePlaintiffmayfileareplyiftheywantTopic3ProfessionalLiabilityBurdenofProofRaisestwoquestions1Whohasit
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