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History Review.docx

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John Weaver

History Review Themes  War o War propaganda (selling war)) o Revolution o Violence/Conflicts  Peace o The four freedoms o Woodrow Wilson 14 points I think  Human Rights  Imperialism  Nationalism Topics  The age of imperialism  The First World War  The Chinese Revolution and Aftermath  The Second World War  Indian Nationalism and Independence  Decolonization in Africa and the Middle East  Civil Rights and Reolutions in the America  The Cold War  Change and Conflict in the Middle East  The Collapse of Communism and Age of Globalization Course Terms  1.Introduction o Marxism: Karl Marx o Socialism o Capitalism o Nationalism  2. Imperialism o Imperialism o Social Darwinism o Scramble for Africa o The Berlin African Conference 884-85  3.First World War o Archduke Franz Ferdinand o The Moroccan Crisis o British Dreadnoughts o Schliefen Plan o Battle of Ypres o 14 Points o League of Nations  4.Chinese Revoltuion o Kuomintang o Intellectual Revolution May Fourth Movement o Long March o Great Leap Forward  5.Second World War o Treaty of Verailles o Appeasement Policy o Blitzkrieg 255  To avoid stalemate that defeated them in first war  Invasion of Poland  Worked in the opening phases of attack against Russia o Concentration Camps o The Final solution 259  6.Indian Nationalism o Indian National Congress (chapter 14) o The Amristar Incident/Massacre 205  Protest Rowlett act mob murders four Europeans in Amritsar  Large gathering of 10000 in Amritsar troops open fire on crowd about 400 die  Rallying point for nationalist movement o Satyagraha 205  Truth force  Peaceful protest demonstrations and nonviolence,  Civil dispodience and non cooperation unjust laws  Since fewer than 200 000 brits controlled 400 million Indians than rely on Indian cooperation  Would call of protest if violent o Salt March 1930 208  Exemplified Ghandi’s method of protest.  Government had monopoloy on the manufacture and sae of salt and taxed it for revenue  Protest as a burden on the poor and as a symbol of Brit laws violating Indian civil rights  Ghandi led 78 followers on a 200mile walk to the sea where he took out salt water and boiled to extract salt symbolically deifying salt monopoly o Swadeshi  Following salt march Indians respond with a swadeshi which is a movement to boycott british manufactured goods espically woven cotton textiles and to replace them with Indian homespun cotton cloth  Out many british laborers out of work putting pressure on government to make concessions  Ghandi and supporters were arrested but civil disobedience campaign persisted resulting in their release and the salt tax was reduced and some other laws opposed by the inc were rescinded  Campaign shows g=handis humanitarian, a political realeast gaining public opinion and also an understanding that britian was sensitive to public opinion at home  7.Coloialism an Decolonization in the Middle East o Sykes-Picot Agreement 1916 215  Contradicted aggrement with Sharif Husayn that promised to support an independent Arab state after the war  In the agreement the British and the French agreed to divide the Ottoman Empire among European nations.  French would get Lebanon and Syria while the biriths were to get Iraq and Palenstine o The Balfour Declaration 1917  Brit foreign secretary Arthur Balfour wrote to a Brit Zionist that Brits would support the establishment in plaestine of a national home for the jewis
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