3B03: WEEK 1
Level of analysis means you look at IR in a system level.
Multipolar world: its not just Russia and us, its china brazil etc.
International level and how it effects the domestic, looking at the state: the state is
territory, population and sovereignty controlled by the government.
The state encompasses a set of civil and coercive institutions. Civil: beauracracy, state
agencies etc. Coercive: armed forces and police. These are more or less incorporated by
an authoritative representation so in Canada the cabinet responsibility which seeks to
exert exclusive legitimate control by force if necessary over a given population/territory.
The market on the other hand: This is where buyers and sellers offer and exchange a
variety of goods/ services and information. These traditionally go down to a farmers
market set up.
What this course looks at: The relationship between the state and market and how it’s
affected by what is happening in the international realm. Essentially we are looking at
economics and politics.
People have argued over time that war is important. “Wars shapes lives”
Charles Tilly: Wars make states. States make war. It shows how wars have influenced the
emergence of states in Europe. Argument: Why do countries look the way they are, why
is it? He argues when you are going to make war you have to mobilize resources, if you
need to defend your territory you need to mobilize people, resources and you need arms/
weapons. In order to do this you need the
The kind of resources you have creates the kind of military state you become.
Churchill: Iron Curtain. (Emergence of Cold War)
The cold war is the standoff between Soviet and the US. Best way to analyze the cold
war: each side feels a threat. Perception of Threat= Perception of Capability, Strength x
Perception of Intent
X articles (George Cannon?): you have to think of communism like water, it is seeping
Analyzing the formula and attaching it to the soviet, Capability is high as they had the red
army that overthrew Germany, and they have intent because they wanted to spread
communism and dominate. Marshall plan put a lot of money into Europe, it was designed by America, in order to get
Europes economies going to facilitate trade.
The important thing is that the americans gave Europe money and didn’t ask too many
questions as long as they were not communists so you get America supporting really
If you have a war not on your territory but close to it, you can benefit as a country as that
country would have to mobilize resources and since you are nearby you can benefit. The
country that has the war on their soil suffers devastating consequences.
Wars change lives and societies, they tend to accelerate and change events and if you
look at Europe you can definitely see that. After the war if you look at the countries that
were seriously impacted such as Germany and Italy, they are doing relatively good in this
era. Look at the war on terror, it has changed relationships between states, between
Wednesday, September 11, 2013
Quotations from Harry S. Truman and Robert Taft who were US Senators during WW II
suggest that the US was very wary of communism even as the Soviet Union was an ally
in the War.
“A victory for communism would be far more dangerous for the US than a victory of fascism” –
• Each side saw the other as a threat, and the Americans were concerned about the red army as the
Soviets were concerned a