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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 1XX3
Professor
Joe Kim
Semester
Winter

Description
DevApp Question 1 0 / 1 point Raoul is a 62-year-old man who has decided he wants to learn how to play the violin. Raoul is wondering whether this is a feasible task. Which of the following is most true regarding Raoul's goal to play the violin? Early input is necessary for development of new synapses required A) to play violin, meaning Raoul will have an extremely difficult time learning to play violin at the age of 62. This goal will likely result in subtle changes in brain growth if he B) continues playing violin, because some of his brain growth is dependent on Raoul's experiences throughout his life. Raoul will only be able to learn to play the violin if he received C) some early experience of playing music during his critical period, otherwise this task will be exceedingly difficult. Because Raoul is at a late age, many of his synapses have already D) been pruned away. Once he begins the learning process, however, his brain will expect new experiences, and reform synapses. View Feedback Question 2 1 / 1 point eyebrows. If Jeremy and Suzanne have a child, what is the probability that their child will be heterozygous for thin eyebrows? A) 100% B) 75% C) 50% D) 0% View Feedback Question 3 0 / 1 point You are trying to decide which song is more appealing to a baby, Mozart's 4th symphony or his 5th symphony. In which scenario have you correctly determined that the baby prefers the 4th symphony? If you play the 5th symphony first, and the baby becomes A) habituated, but when you switch to the 4th symphony, the baby shows dishabituation. If you play the symphonies from two speakers on opposite sides of B) the room simultaneously and the baby orients toward the speaker playing the 4th symphony. If the baby's EEG response shows a large spike in response to the C) 4th symphony and a much smaller spike in response to the 5th symphony, relative to the 4th. If you play both audio tracks at the same time from two different D) speakers, and the baby first orients toward the speaker playing the 4th symphony. View Feedback Question 4 1 / 1 point Amblyopia is a condition resulting in poor vision due to abnormal input during visual development in infancy. One of the treatments for amblyopia is for adults to practice challenging visual tasks to improve visual acuity. A finding that this treatment was successful, would support which of the following? A) Experience-expectant plasticity B) Sensitive periods C) Critical periods D) Experience-delayed modification View Feedback Question 5 1 / 1 point It was recently discovered that the phenotype for freckles is determined by autosomal dominant-recessive inheritance. The presence of freckles is associated with the dominant allele and is denoted by F (recessive denoted as f). The Smith family has 4 children. Child 1 later has 4 children with a homozygote, half of which are freckled. If the parents of Child 1 are heterozygotes, what is the most accurate description of the genotype of Child 1? A) Ff B) FF C) ff D) Not enough information View Feedback Question 6 1 / 1 point Georgio is the only male child in his family who suffers from colourblindness. What is the most likely reason that this happened? Both Georgio's parents are colourblind, but he is the only male A) child they had so none of his sisters show this phenotype. Georgio's mother is a carrier of this gene but his father is not B) colourblind. The rest of Georgio's siblings are females, so they do not exhibit the colourblind phenotype. Georgio's father is colourblind but his mother is neither C) colourblind, nor a carrier of the gene. Georgio's mother is colourblind but his father is not. This results in D) a 1 in 4 chance of expressing the colourblind phenotype in males, so despite having a monozygotic twin, he was the only one who is afflicted. View Feedback Question 7 1 / 1 point Chip and Dale are monozygotic twins raised in different homes. When reunite as adults, they notice that on wears size 8 shoes while the other wears size 10. Which of the following best explains this scenario? A) The Range of Reaction Principle. B) Codominance. C) Simple Dominant-Recessive Inheritance. D) The Canalization Principle. View Feedback DevText Question 8 1 / 1 point Which of the following is most correct regarding the research methods used in developmental research? The use of existing levels of a variable to group subjects is a A) commonly research method used to examine what normal changes occur throughout development and why these changes occur. The use of existing levels of a variable to group subjects is a B) commonly used research method to examine the two types of developmental questions: descriptive and normative. Random assignment to independent variables is a common C) research method used to examine what normal changes occur throughout development and why these changes occur. Random assignment to independent variables is a commonly used D) research method to examine the two types of developmental questions: descriptive and normative. View Feedback Question 9 1 / 1 point Which of the following statements regarding development is most correct? A) If typical neural development relies on experience, it is said to be experience-expectant. B) At birth, an infant has blurred colour vision, 40 times worse than that of an adult. C) Around the 12th postnatal month, we begin to lose many of the synapses we are born with. Early cataract removal alone is enough to prevent long-term D) amblyopia. View Feedback DevLL Question 10 1 / 1 point A scientist wants to extend research on the Mozart Effect and compares middle school students’ performance on several cognitive tasks after listening to either white noise or Polynesian folk music. Interestingly, the Polynesian folk music group performs better. Does this support the existence a more general music effect on infant brain development? A) No, the styles of music are too dissimilar to make a conclusion on infant brain development. Yes, the scientist has corrected the earlier problem of only using B) adult participants allowing a conclusion to be made about infant brain development. Yes, the fact that the Mozart Effect replicated with other music C) should bolster our belief in a general music effect on infant brain development. D) No, the control conditions are still not sufficient to allow a conclusion to be made about infant brain development. View Feedback EvoApp Question 1 1 / 1 point A certain genetically similar, eusocial species of animal relies on a single female to produce all of the offspring for the colony. Interestingly, non-reproducers take care of the offspring produced by the single reproducer. What is the most correct explanation for this phenomenon? A) The non-reproducers will benefit from direct fitness because they are helping someone who is genetically similar produce offspring. . Hamilton's rule is being satisfied such that reproductive benefits of B) recipients multiplied by relatedness is less than the cost to the actor. According to the definition of inclusive fitness, the non-producers C) are actually increasing their individual fitness by helping the reproducer. D) The non-producers act altruistically and give up their ability to pass on their genes by helping the reproducer pass on hers. View Feedback Question 2 1 / 1 point symmetrical eyes over males who have three uneven eyes. Despite this advantage, having a fourth eye makes maleshave four slightly more likely to fall off the spaceship and die. Which of the following statements is FALSE with regards to this new species? Even though they are more likely to reproduce, aliens with four A) eyes have lower fitness because they are also more likely to fall off of the spaceship. B) Even though having a fourth eye improves the likelihood of reproducing, it ultimately hurts the likelihood of surviving. Having a fourth eye is an adaptation that improves the likelihood C) of reproducing. The differential success of three versus four eyes is an example of D) sexual selection. View Feedback Question 3 1 / 1 point In a population of prairie dogs, the males from a certain litter never stray from their nest. In fact, they establish their own away from the nest they were born in to search for a male to mate with. Which of the following is most correct?ravel far Mate-less males will likely make an alarm call upon seeing a A) predator. Mated females will likely make an alarm call upon seeing a B) predator. C) Mate-less females most likely make an alarm call upon seeing a predator. D) Mate-less males and mated females are equally likely to make an alarm call upon the sight of a predator. View Feedback Question 4 0 / 1 point Which of the following scenarios would not be an example of the good of the group? A large family of farmers shares the responsibility of gathering A) food every day, thus no single individual ever has to forage multiple times in one week. A pair of hawks always hunt together and share the food they B) catch. A group of 10 whales circles around a small fish to confuse it so C) they can more easily pounce and share the meat. A group of zebras has a watcher who looks out for predators as D) the rest of the group eats plenty of food. They switch who is watching every few minutes. View Feedback EvoText Question 5 1 / 1 point According to the textbook, which of the following statements regarding evolutionary theory is correct? Evolution is the mechanism through which natural selection A) occurs. B) Humans are evolutionary descendants of monkeys. C) Evolution is not a goal directed phenomenon. D) Darwin is responsible for the creating the idea of evolution. View Feedback Question 6 0 / 1 point Which of the following correctly describes the real-world studies conducted on kin recognition in incest avoidance? Members of a "minor" marriage are less likely to remain married A) as a function of how long the two lived together, but those who stay together tend to be as fertile as an average couple. Individuals with older opposite-sex siblings are more dependent on co-residence as a means of incest avoidance but individuals with B) younger opposite-sex siblings are more dependent on maternal- perinatal association. Individuals who live in the same kibbutzim are less likely to marry C) a relative raised in the same kibbutz but will marry someone from the same kibbutz that they learned is unrelated. Males are more dependent on co-residence as a means of incest D) avoidance but females are more dependent on phenotypic similarities. View Feedback EvoLL Question 7 1 / 1 point On a recent trip through Cootes Paradise, you discover a new species of animal. While females are still responsible for very few gametes throughout their lifetime. How might you expect this to affect their mating practices?species produce Both males and females would be expected to spend a great deal A) of time courting before having intercourse. The males in this new species would be more selective than B) females when it comes to mate choice. C) The variance in the number of children an individual has should be greater in males than in females. D) Males would no longer succumb to genetic cuckoldry. View Feedback EvoRecall Question 8 1 / 1 point What was the main finding of the study investigating beak size in finches of the Galapagos during the 1977 drought? Only finches with large beaks were able to crack the hard seeds A) remaining, resulting in surviving finches adapting and growing larger beaks. Only finches with large beaks were able to crack the hard seeds B) remaining, resulting in the surviving finches growing larger beaks. Only finches with large beaks were able to crack the hard seeds C) remaining, resulting in an increase in average beak size in the next generation. Only finches with large beaks were able to crack the hard seeds D) remaining, making those individuals more attractive to potential mates. View Feedback Question 9 0 / 1 point In DeBruine's Investment game, what was the expected behaviour of participants? Participants would be less trusting of individuals who did not share a similar phenotype, exhibiting eusocial behaviour. Participants would be more trusting of individuals who shared a similar phenotype, exhibiting prosocial behaviour. Participants would be less trusting of individuals who did not look like themselves, exhibiting prosocial behaviour. Participants would be more trusting of players who looked more like themselves, exhibiting eusocial behaviour. View Feedback Question 10 1 / 1 point Antlers on male elk are an example of a sexually selected trait. Which of the following is TRUE regarding this trait? Large antlers act as a weapon against predators and increase A) fitness by increasing survival and, therefore the chance of mating. Large antlers increase fitness by making male elk look stronger B) and more attractive to potential mates. Large antlers allow the individual to eliminate competition for C) mates through physical combat. Large antlers are seen by females as being representative of a D) strong and healthy male elk and, therefore, increases fitness. View Feedback Neuro2App Question 1 0 / 1 point Bianca has a tumour in her brain that causes her to show the same symptoms as split- brain patients. How will she do when asked to identify a cube that has been presented to her right visual field? Bianca cannot identify the cube by name, but she can identify by A) touch. Bianca cannot identify the cube by name, and she cannot identify B) by touch. Bianca can identify the cube by name, and she can identify by C) touch. Bianca can identify the cube by name, but she cannot identify by D) touch. View Feedback Question 2 1 / 1 point As part of his treatment following a severe brain trauma, Dean Minervo is asked to point to a picture containing a telephone but finds he is unable to do so. In fact, he is also unable to point to a desk when asked to do so. When it is time for lunch, Dean does not eat with the other patients and therapists because he is not hungry, despite having eaten nothing that day. Dean most likely has lesions in which of the following areas? A) Occipital Lobe and Hypothalamus. B) Occipital Lobe and Thalamus. C) Temporal Lobe and Hippocampus. D) Temporal Lobe and Hypothalamus. View Feedback Question 3 1 / 1 point Mohini is an avid ice hockey player. Unfortunately, Mohini was recently the target of a dangerous hit to the head and has suffered brain damage. The most striking of Mohini's symptoms is the inability to visually track moving objects.Which of the following brain regions has Mohini likely damaged? A) Parietal Lobe. B) Temporal Lobe. C) Somatosensory cortex. D) Inferior Colliculus. View Feedback Question 4 1 / 1 point symptoms would be most likely?injury that has caused damage to the temporal lobe of her brain. Which of the following A) Impaired motor coordination and difficulty orienting in space. B) Erratic behaviour and difficulties in performing new tasks. Speech impairment and mild amnesia for events occurring around C) the trauma. D) An inability to see, despite normal functioning of the eyes. View Feedback Neuro2Recall Question 5 0 / 1 point Which of the following is true regarding the thalamus? A) It is located dorsal to the amygdala. B) It relays information about all the sensory modalities. C) It is located rostral to the hypothalamus. D) It is considered to be part of the midbrain. View Feedback Question 6 0 / 1 point Which of the following best describes the function of the limbic system structures? The pituitary gland is an important part of the endocrine system, A) releasing hormones important for physiological responses. B) The thalamus is considered a relay station for information about all the sensory modalities to the cerebral cortex. C) The amygdala is involved in memory and is one of the few regions where neurogenesis continues in adulthood. The hippocampus is involved in biological functions including D) stress, feeding, and mating behaviours. View Feedback Question 7 1 / 1 point Which of the following best describes the function of the corpus callosum in the brain? It allows the two hemispheres of the brain to communicate with A) each other so that information is available to both sides of the brain. It acts to increase brain lateralization, so that specific functions B) are more prominent in one hemisphere of the brain. It allows the two hemispheres of the brain to operate C) independently of one another, so that signals do not become confused between the two hemispheres. It acts as a protective measure for brain damage, so that if a D) region in one hemisphere of the brain is damaged, the other hemisphere can compensate for it. View Feedback Neuro2Text Question 8 0 / 1 point Which of the following is LEAST likely to be a symptom of hippocampal damage? A) An inability to orient to your location in the psychology building B) An inability to remember your best friend's phone number C) An inability to describe your 7th birthday party An inability to differentiate between expressions of happiness and D) surprise View Feedback Question 9 1 / 1 point Which of the following statements is correct? The cerebellum is the most evolutionarily recent part of the brain A) to develop. There are an unequal number of neurons in each hemisphere of B) the brain. Despite being smaller, humans have a larger cortical surface than C) elephants. The majority of cortical surface area is devoted to primary sensory D) areas. View Feedback Neuro2LL Question 10 1 / 1 point Which of the following would best exemplify a double dissociation in the brain? When a structure in the right hemisphere of the brain is damaged it results in a particular deficit, whereas when the same structure in the left hemisphere is damaged it results in a different deficit. When two different structures in the same hemisphere are damaged, it results in the same deficit. When a structure in the right hemisphere of the brain is damaged it results in the exact same deficit as when the same structure in the left hemisphere is damaged. When damage to a region in one hemisphere of the brain produces a particular deficit, and damage to a completely different region in the same hemisphere of the brain results in a different deficit. View Feedback VisionApp Question 1 1 / 1 point Anita is examining the anatomy of the eye of a newly discovered species of fish. She notes that the eye contains all of the Which of the following would this species most likely NOT be able to do?ontain an iris and the eyes are laterally directed. A) Detect and respond quickly to a predators approaching from a variety of different angles. B) Detect differences in colour of approaching predators. C) Adapt to changes in incoming light to allow more or less light to hit the retina. D) Change the focus on the image of an object depending on how close or far away it is. View Feedback Question 2 1 / 1 point If the human eye were altered so that the bulk of the rods were concentrated in the fovea, and the bulk of the cones were in the periphery of the retina, how would our visual experience change? When looking directly at an object, we would have good day A) vision. When looking slightly to one side of an object, we would see in B) strong detail. When looking slightly to one side of an object, we would have C) good night vision. D) When looking directly at an object, we would better identify colour. View Feedback Question 3 1 / 1 point Augustine is in an accident where his optic chiasm is severed. Which of the following most accurately describes the effect this accident will have on his vision? Augustine will lose sight processed by the outer portions of both A) retinas. Augustine will lose sight processed by the inner portions of both B) retinas. C) Augustine will lose all sight from his left visual field. D) Augustine will lose all sight from his right visual field. View Feedback Question 4 1 / 1 point Erin Gold was playing with her friends when she correctly realized that she could perceive shorter light wavelengths than the rest of her friends. Which of the following sets of stimuli had Erin Gold seen to come to this conclusion? Erin was able to tell the difference between the colours of two A) seemingly identical yellow dandelions. Erin was able to tell the difference between the level of heat B) coming off two different bowls of soup. Erin was able to tell the difference between the brightness of an C) intense blue car and a dull blue car. D) Erin was able to tell the difference between a pure red hat and a desaturated red hat. View Feedback VisionRecall Question 5 Which of the following statements is CORRECT regarding photoreceptors found in the retina of the eye? Rods are the most helpful in peripheral vision, as they are found inside the fovea. Looking sideways at an object in dim lighting activates both rods and cones to allow for better viewing. The neural signal created when light hits the retina travels through the ganglion and then bipolar cells before reaching the photoreceptors. Receptive fields in the fovea are much smaller than in the periphery of the eye. View Feedback Question 6 0 / 1 point Which of the characteristics of light is correctly described? A) The shorter the amplitude of light, the more light that is being reflected. B) Light in the ultraviolet spectrum has wavelengths longer than 750nm. Light in the infrared spectrum has a lower frequency than the C) visible spectrum. The more wavelengths that combine in an image, the more D) saturated it will appear. View Feedback Question 7 0 / 1 point Which of the following statements is INCORRECT regarding visual processing in the brain? A) Regions that are located close together in the retina are also located close together in the visual cortex. The receptive fields of Lateral Geniculate Nucleus cells combine to B) form the receptive fields of V1 cells. The majority of ganglion cell axons synapse in the Lateral C) Geniculate Nucleus, which comprises part of the Primary Visual Cortex. Information regarding the content of the visual input is eventually D) separated and sent to different lobes of the brain for processing. View Feedback VisionText Question 8 1 / 1 point Which of the following statements about vision is most correct? Vision is the most studied sensory modality because over 50% of A) the brain is devoted to processing visual information. B) The orientation columns of the primary visual cortex are organized according to the direction of movement of a line segment. C) The nasal region of the left retina sees almost the same visual scene as the temporal region of the right retina. D) Between the cornea and the iris, almost 100% of the eye's focusing ability is accounted for. View Feedback Question 9 0 / 1 point Which of the following statements about photoreceptors is correct? Rods are found throughout the retina in varying concentrations but A) cones are only found in the fovea. During dark adaptation, the rods begin to adapt quicker than B) cones resulting in an immediate improvement in sensitivity. Both cones and rods are depolarized and in their active states in C) darkness. D) A total loss of rods result in a decrease in visual acuity during both light and dark conditions. View Feedback VisionLL Question 10 Information about objects that are to the right of a fixation point fall on the _____________ side of the retina and is sent through the primary visual pathway to the _______________ side of V1. A) Left; Right B) Right; Left C) Right; Right D) Left; Left View Feedback ColourApp Question 1 1 / 1 point An alien species is discovered that has no rebound effect when viewing afterimages. Instead, when looking at a colour for species, what would be the resulting afterimage of viewing the colour red?or displays a slow return to baseline. In this A) There is no way to tell what colour the afterimage would be. B) There would be no afterimage due to a lack of a rebound effect. C) The afterimage would be red due to a prolonged excitation of the receptor. The afterimage would be green due to a prolonged inhibition of the D) receptor. View Feedback Question 2 0 / 1 point If the receptive field of a ganglion cell responds in an opponent fashion in which it is excited if blue strikes the middle or yellow strikes the surround, which of the following would produce the weakest response? A) Yellow strikes the middle and blue strikes the surround. B) Blue strikes both the middle and the surround. C) Yellow strikes both the middle and the surround. D) Blue strikes the middle and yellow strikes the surround. View Feedback Question 3 0 / 1 point What would be the effect on colour perception if a person were afflicted with both tritanopia and protanopia? They would not be able to distinguish blue from yellow, with the A) only functional cones being blue cones. They would not be able to distinguish between green and red, with B) the only functional cones being green cones. They would not be able to distinguish blue from yellow, with the C) only functional cones being red cones. D) They would not be able to distinguish green from red, with the only functional cones being red cones. View Feedback ColourRecall Question 4 0 / 1 point An object that is painted yellow is correctly perceived as being yellow. According to what you know about visual processing, why is this so? Activation of the red, green and blue cones results in inhibition and A) excitation of the red/green ganglion cells and excitation of the blue/yellow ganglion cells. Activation of red and green cones results in inhibition and
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